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Influence of Soil Salinity on Selected Element Contents in Different Brassica Species

Zeiner, Michaela; Juranović Cindrić, Iva; Nemet, Ivan; Franjković, Karla; Salopek Sondi, Branka (2022) Influence of Soil Salinity on Selected Element Contents in Different Brassica Species. Molecules, 27 (6). ISSN 1420-3049

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Climate changes in coastal regions cause increased soil salinity, a well-known type of environmental stress for a high number of agricultural crop species, including Brassicaceae, whose growth and development, and consequently the crop quality and yield, are affected by salinity stress. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of salt stress on micro- and macro-element homeostasis in different Brassica crops. Kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala), white cabbage (B. oleracea var. capitata) and Chinese cabbage (B. rapa ssp. pekinensis) were grown hydroponically and treated with 200 mmol/L sodium chloride for 24 h to mimic short-term salt stress. The contents of Al, Ca, K, Mg, Na, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr, V and Zn were determined in the roots and leaves of the salt-treated plants and corresponding controls by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. While Al, Ca, K, Mg and Na were determined in the mg/g range, the contents of the other elements were found at the µg/g level. A statistical analysis of the obtained data showed that the applied salt treatment significantly influenced the single-element contents in different plant parts. The major elements Ca, K and Mg were mainly unaffected in the more-salt-tolerant kale and white cabbage under salinity stress, while K and Mg were significantly decreased in the more-sensitive Chinese cabbage. The levels of micro-elements were found to be species/variety specific. In general, potentially toxic elements were accumulated in the roots of salt-treated plants to a higher extent than in the corresponding controls.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brassicaceae; cabbage; kale; metal and metalloid uptake; salinity stress
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Diana Mikoč Radešić
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2024 10:42
DOI: 10.3390/molecules27061878

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