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Energy status of stygophilous amphipod Synurella ambulans as a promising biomarker of environmental stress in the hyporheic zone

Redžović, Zuzana; Erk, Marijana; Gottstein, Sanja; Cindrić, Mario (2023) Energy status of stygophilous amphipod Synurella ambulans as a promising biomarker of environmental stress in the hyporheic zone. Water, 15 (17). ISSN 2073-4441

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The hyporheic zone (HZ) is a sensitive ecotone in river ecosystems because of its biodiversity and susceptibility to human activities. Hyporheic fauna are exposed to multiple stressors that affect the physiology and metabolism of organisms and ultimately ecosystem functioning and biodiversity. This study aimed to quantify adenine nucleotides in the stygophilous freshwater amphipod Synurella ambulans and to evaluate the potential of adenylate energy charge (AEC) as a physiological biomarker of general stress in the HZ of the Sava River at sites with different intensities of environmental and anthropogenic stress. Field studies were conducted seasonally (in December 2018 and April, July, and October 2019) at two sampling sites, one upstream (1‐UP) and the other downstream (2‐DOWN) of the discharge from the wastewater treatment plant using the standard piston pump. The amphipod population from site 1‐UP had significantly higher AEC values than the population from site 2‐DOWN in all seasons except summer. Coordinated changes in AEC values with the ATP/ADP ratio indicated differences in energy status between the two populations. However, no changes in the apparent equilibrium constant of adenylate kinase were observed, except in spring at site 1‐UP. Multiple linear regression models showed the strongest associations of AEC with Fe and Zn accumulated in amphipods, followed by environmental factors (conductivity, dissolved O2, and concentrations of nitrites and phosphates in the interstitial water). AEC was shown to be a useful index of environmental stress in S. ambulans because it can directly measure the change in available energy and thus the metabolic stress to which the organism is exposed. Finally, seasonal and spatial variations in AEC values reflected ecological status in the HZ.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: adenylate energy charge; crustaceans; groundwater‐connected ecosystems; the Sava River; wastewater treatment discharge
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Akumulacija, unutarstanično mapiranje i učinci metala u tragovima u akvatičkih organizama-AQUAMAPMETMarijana ErkIP-2014-09-4255HRZZ
Qua/Qua Protein: Kvantitativna i kvalitativna analiza proteina za potrebe biomedicine i biotehnološke industrije-Qua/Qua ProteinMario CindrićKK.
Depositing User: Marijana Erk
Date Deposited: 02 Feb 2024 14:48
DOI: 10.3390/w15173083

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