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Size-related mineralogical and surface physicochemical properties of the mineral particles from the recent sediments of the Eastern Adriatic Sea

Ivanić, Maja; Durn, Goran; Škapin, Srečo D.; Sondi, Ivan (2020) Size-related mineralogical and surface physicochemical properties of the mineral particles from the recent sediments of the Eastern Adriatic Sea. Chemosphere, 249 . ISSN 0045-6535

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The mineral composition and surface physico-chemical properties, i.e., specific surface area (SSA), cation exchange capacity (CEC), and surface charge of recent sediments and their submicron mineral fractions from different sedimentological environments of the Eastern Adriatic were investigated. The influence of organic matter on these properties was also investigated. It was shown that illite and mixed-layered clay minerals (MLCM) were ubiquitous and showed no size-related preferences while the occurrence of smectites, chlorites, and kaolinites varied. The smectites content increased and the chlorites decreased slightly with decreasing particle size. The sediments from the carbonate-rich environment contained no smectites or chlorites and had the highest kaolinite content. For the first time, in the recent sediments of the Adriatic Sea the poorly- and the well-crystallised kaolinite (Kl and KlD) were distinguished. While Kl predominates in the submicron-sized fraction, KlD occurred only in micron-sized fractions. Authigenic aragonite of submicron-sized was determined in a distinct environment of the semi-enclosed marine lake. The differences in mineral composition and particle size of sediments and their separated fractions were reflected in a wide range of the SSA and CEC values obtained. The highest values of SSA and CEC were determined in the phyllosilicates-rich submicron-sized fractions range, 109 m2g-1 and 87.4 cmol+kg-1, respectively. The submicron-sized fraction from aragonite-rich marine lake showed the lowest values of SSA (56.4 m2g-1) and CEC (38.8 cmol+kg-1), which are still unexpectedly high for carbonate-rich environments. The removal of organic matter resulted in a significant increase in SSA and CEC, up to 150% and 76%, respectively.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: surface properties ; submicron-sized mineral particles ; organic matter ; marine sediments ; Eastern Adriatic sea
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Geology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Nanominerali u sedimentima i tlima: formiranje, značajke i uloga u biogeokemijskim procesimaSondi, IvanIP-2013-11-2504HRZZ
Depositing User: Maja Ivanić
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2021 12:28
DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.126531

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