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Expanded Croatian 12 X-STR loci database with an overview of anomalous profiles

Mršić, Gordan; Ozretić, Petar; Crnjac, Josip; Merkaš, Siniša; Sukser, Viktorija; Račić, Ivana; Rožić, Sara; Barbarić, Lucija; Popović, Maja; Korolija, Marina (2018) Expanded Croatian 12 X-STR loci database with an overview of anomalous profiles. Forensic Science International: Genetics, 34 . pp. 249-256. ISSN 1872-4973

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In order to implement X-chromosome short tandem repeat (X-STR) typing into routine forensic practice, reference database of a given population should be established. Therefore we extended already published data with additional 397 blood samples from unrelated Croatian citizens, and analyzed the total of 995 samples (549 male and 446 female) typed by Investigator® Argus X-12 Kit. To test genetic homogeneity of consecutively processed five historic-cultural regions covering the entire national territory, we calculated pairwise Fst genetic distances between regions based on allele and full haplotype frequencies. Since the comparison did not yield any statistically significant difference, we integrated STR profile information from all regions and used the whole data set to calculate forensic parameters. The most informative marker is DXS10135 (polymorphism information content (PIC = 0.929) and the most informative linkage group (LG) is LG1 (PIC = 0.996). We confirmed linkage disequilibrium (LD) for seven marker pairs belonging to LG2, LG3 and LG4. By including LD information, we calculated cumulative power of discrimination that amounted to 0.999999999997 in females and 0.999999005 in males. We also compared Croatia with 13 European populations based on haplotype frequencies and detected no statistically significant Fst values after Bonferroni correction in any LG. Multi- dimensional scaling plot revealed tight grouping of four Croatian regions amongst populations of southern, central and northern Europe, with the exception of northern Croatia. In this study we gave the first extensive overview of aberrant profiles encountered during Investigator® Argus X-12 typing. We found ten profiles consistent with single locus duplication followed by tetranucleotide tract length polymorphism. Locus DXS10079 is by far the most frequently affected one, presumably mutated in eight samples. We also found four profiles consistent with X-chromosome aneuploidy (three profiles with XXX pattern and one profile with XXY pattern). In conclusion, we established integral forensic Croatian X- chromosome database, proved forensic pertinence of Investigator® Argus X-12 Kit for the entire Croatian population and identified locus DXS10079 as a potential duplication hotspot.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by Ministry of the Interior of Croatia.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Investigator® Argus X-12 ; forensic X-STR markers ; Croatian X-STR database ; aberrant X-STR profiles ; X chromosome duplication ; locus DXS10079
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Petar Ozretić
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2019 14:42
DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2018.03.004

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