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The influence of salinity on the molecular and optical properties of surface microlayers in a karstic estuary

Lechtenfeld, Oliver J.; Koch, Boris P.; Gašparović, Blaženka; Frka, Sanja; Witt, Matthias; Kattner, Gerhard (2013) The influence of salinity on the molecular and optical properties of surface microlayers in a karstic estuary. Marine Chemistry, 150 . pp. 25-38. ISSN 0304-4203

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Abstract

Sea surface microlayers and the corresponding underlying waters of the pristine, karstic Krka Estuary (Croatia) were studied with respect to optical and molecular properties of dissolved organic matter (DOM). Solid-phase extracted DOM was separated by reversed phase chromatography and analyzed with ultra-high resolution Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). The number and summed magnitudes of FT-ICR MS peaks, enriched in the microlayer, increased consistently with salinity along the estuary. The molecular hydrogen to carbon ratio (as a measure of polarity) of enriched compounds was higher for the low salinity samples than for the marine station, which we propose is a consequence of a salt-mediated separation mechanism. Absorption and fluorescence of all samples decreased along the estuary with the microlayer samples showing higher absorption than the underlying water. Chromatographic and FT-ICR MS data revealed a distinct shift towards a smaller molecular size in the microlayer. The redistribution of dissolved organic carbon within chromatographic fractions and the decrease in molecular size was interpreted to result from photo-degradation and/or microbial reprocessing. Collision induced dissociation of selected FT ICR MS mass peaks revealed the presence of sulfur containing anthropogenic surfactants enriched in the microlayer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sea-surface microlayer; ultra-high resolution mass spectrometry; FT-ICR MS; dissolved organic matter; molecular composition; optical properties
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Priroda organske tvari, interakcije s mikrokonstituentima i površinama u okolišu-Irena Ciglenečki-Jušić098-0982934-2717MZOS
Depositing User: Blaženka Gašparović
Date Deposited: 22 May 2018 08:39
Last Modified: 22 May 2018 08:39
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/4056
DOI: 10.1016/j.marchem.2013.01.006

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