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Trace metals in Noah’s Ark shells (Arca noae Linnaeus, 1758) – impact of tourist season and human health risk

Ivanković, Dušica; Erk, Marijana; Župan, Ivan; Čulin, Jelena; Dragun, Zrinka; Bačić, Niko; Cindrić, Ana-Marija (2016) Trace metals in Noah’s Ark shells (Arca noae Linnaeus, 1758) – impact of tourist season and human health risk. Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology, 71 (3). pp. 394-404. ISSN 0090-4341

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Commercially important bivalve Noah’s Ark shell (Arca noae Linnaeus, 1758) represents a high quality seafood product, but the data on levels of metal contaminants that could pose a human health risk and also on some essential elements that are important for health protection are lacking. This study examines the concentrations of Cd, Pb, Cr, Ni, Cu, Co and Zn in the soft tissue of A. noae from harvesting area in the central Adriatic Sea, to survey whether heavy metals are within the acceptable limits for public health and whether tourism could have an impact on them. The concentrations of analysed metals varied for Cd: 0.15-0.74, Pb: 0.06-0.26, Cr: 0.11-0.34, Ni: 0.09-0.22, Cu: 0.65-1.95, Co: 0.04-0.09 and Zn: 18.3-74.7 mg/kg wet weight. These levels were lower than the permissible limits for safe consummation of seafood, and only for Cd, some precautions should be taken into account if older shellfish were consumed. Increase of Cd, Cr and Cu in shell tissue was observed during the tourist season at the site closest to the marine traffic routes, indicating that metal levels in shellfish tissue should be especially carefully monitored during the peak tourist season, to prevent eventual toxic effects due to increased intake of metals, specifically of Cd.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of the Republic of Croatia under Grant 098-0982934-2721. Special thanks are due to the colleagues from the Division for Marine and Environmental Research at Ruđer Bošković Institute, Dr. Nevenka Mikac for the opportunity to use HR ICP-MS, Dr. Dario Omanović for the supervision of voltammetric analysis of seawater samples and Dr. Neda Vdović for the analysis of sediment grain size distribution. The authors express their gratitude to Nikolina Baković and Milena Ramov from the management of the Nature Park Telašćica for supporting this research
Uncontrolled Keywords: trace metals; shellfish consumption; health risk; anthropogenic impact; Adriatic Sea
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Geology
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Stanične promjene u vodnih organizama pobuđene metalima-Marijana Erk098-0982934-2721MZOS
Depositing User: Marijana Erk
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2016 08:50
DOI: 10.1007/s00244-016-0298-0

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