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Bacterial diversity in the South Adriatic Sea during a strong deep winter convection year

Korlević, Marino; Pop Ristova, Petra; Garić, Rade; Amann, Rudolf; Orlić, Sandi (2015) Bacterial diversity in the South Adriatic Sea during a strong deep winter convection year. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 81 (5). pp. 1715-1726. ISSN 0099-2240

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The South Adriatic Sea is the deepest part of the Adriatic Sea and represents a key area for both the Adriatic Sea and the deep eastern Mediterranean. It has a role in dense water formation for the eastern Mediterranean deep circulation cell, and it represents an entry point for water masses originating from the Ionian Sea. The biodiversity and seasonality of bacterial picoplankton before, during, and after deep winter convection in the oligotrophic South Adriatic waters were assessed by combining comparative 16S rRNA sequence analysis and catalyzed reporter deposition fluorescence in situ hybridization (CARD-FISH). The picoplankton communities reached their maximum abundance in the spring euphotic zone when the maximum value of the chlorophyll a in response to deep winter convection was recorded. The communities were dominated by Bacteria, while Archaea were a minor constituent. A seasonality of bacterial richness and diversity was observed, with minimum values occurring during the winter convection and spring postconvection periods and maximum values occurring under summer stratified conditions. The SAR11 clade was the main constituent of the bacterial communities and reached the maximum abundance in the euphotic zone in spring after the convection episode. Cyanobacteria were the second most abundant group, and their abundance strongly depended on the convection event, when minimal cyanobacterial abundance was observed. In spring and autumn, the euphotic zone was characterized by Bacteroidetes and Gammaproteobacteria. Bacteroidetes clades NS2b, NS4, and NS5 and the gammaproteobacterial SAR86 clade were detected to co-occur with phytoplankton blooms. The SAR324, SAR202, and SAR406 clades were present in the deep layer, exhibiting different seasonal variations in abundance. Overall, our data demonstrate that the abundances of particular bacterial clades and the overall bacterial richness and diversity are greatly impacted by strong winter convection.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bacterial community composition; 454 pyrosequencing; CARD-FISH; phytoplankton bloom; winter convection
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Microbiology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Ecology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
Divisions: Center for Marine Research
Division of Materials Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Bioraznolikost i biotehnološka karakterizacija bakterija Jadranskog moraSandi OrlićUIP-02.05/38HRZZ
Depositing User: Marino Korlević
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2016 14:25
DOI: 10.1128/AEM.03410-14

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