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14C activity in atmospheric CO2 and biological samples around the nuclear power plant Krško, Slovenia

Krajcar Bronić, Ines; Obelić, Bogomil; Barešić, Jadranka; Horvatinčić, Nada; Breznik, Borut; Volčanšek, Aleš; Sironić, Andreja; Borković, Damir (2016) 14C activity in atmospheric CO2 and biological samples around the nuclear power plant Krško, Slovenia. In: 14th International Congress of the International Radiation Protection Association : IRPA 14 (9 May 2016 - 13 May 2016) Cape Town, Južnoafrička Republika.

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Abstract

14C activity in the atmospheric CO2 and in biological samples in the close vicinity of the Krško Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) in Slovenia has been regularly monitored since 2006 with the aim of estimating a possible influence of the NPP on environmental 14C levels and on the effective dose of local population through food chain. Atmospheric CO2 on two locations was collected every two months, or in shorter periods during some refuelling periods. Biological samples (apples, corn, wheat, grass, vegetables) were collected twice a year (in summer and autumn) in two circles around the NPP, inner and outer, and at the control point 12 km from the plant. Increase of 14C activity in atmospheric CO2 was observed during and immediately after the refuelling of the power plant, performed every 18 months. Good correlation between the total 14C activity released in gaseous effluents and the 14C activity of the atmospheric CO2 has been observed. 14C activity in plants collected close to the Krško NPP is always higher than the activities on the control point, and depends both on the distance from the exhaust of the plant ventilation system and on wind direction: it is higher on the location in the SW-NE direction that coincided with the most pronounced wind directions. Higher 14C activities have been determined in plants collected in summer after the spring refuelling than in those collected during the following vegetation period after the autumn refuelling. This can be explained by the uptake of the CO2 of higher 14C activity for the process of photosynthesis after spring refuelling. To estimate the realistic effective dose due to ingestion to the population in the vicinity, a model of food consumption has been proposed. The calculated dose for the population at the NPP vicinity is not significantly different from the dose for the population at the control point.

Item Type: Conference or workshop item published in conference proceedings (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: 14C; monitoring; environment; NEK; atmospheric CO2; plants
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Radiation Science
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Depositing User: Ines Krajcar Bronić
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2016 12:34
Last Modified: 07 Jun 2016 13:41
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/2832

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