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Explicit–implicit mapping approach to nonlinear blind separation of sparse nonnegative dependent sources from a single mixture: pure component extraction from nonlinear mixture mass spectra

Kopriva, Ivica; Jerić, Ivanka; Brkljačić, Lidija (2015) Explicit–implicit mapping approach to nonlinear blind separation of sparse nonnegative dependent sources from a single mixture: pure component extraction from nonlinear mixture mass spectra. Journal of chemometrics, 29 (11). pp. 615-626. ISSN 0886-9383

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Abstract

The nonlinear, nonnegative single-mixture blind source separation (BSS) problem consists of decomposing observed nonlinearly mixed multicomponent signal into nonnegative dependent component (source) signals. The problem is difficult and is a special case of the underdetermined BSS problem. However, it is practically relevant for the contemporary metabolic profiling of biological samples when only one sample is available for acquiring mass spectra ; afterwards, the pure components are extracted. Herein, we present a method for the blind separation of nonnegative dependent sources from a single, nonlinear mixture. First, an explicit feature map is used to map a single mixture into a pseudo multi-mixture. Second, an empirical kernel map is used for implicit mapping of a pseudo multi-mixture into a high-dimensional reproducible kernel Hilbert space (RKHS). Under sparse probabilistic conditions that were previously imposed on sources, the single-mixture nonlinear problem is converted into an equivalent linear, multiple-mixture problem that consists of the original sources and their higher order monomials. These monomials are suppressed by robust principal component analysis, hard-, soft- and trimmed thresholding. Sparseness constrained nonnegative matrix factorizations in RKHS yield sets of separated components. Afterwards, separated components are annotated with the pure components from the library using the maximal correlation criterion. The proposed method is depicted with a numerical example that is related to the extraction of 8 dependent components from 1 nonlinear mixture. The method is further demonstrated on 3 nonlinear chemical reactions of peptide synthesis in which 25, 19 and 28 dependent analytes are extracted from 1 nonlinear mixture mass spectra. The goal application of the proposed method is, in combination with other separation techniques, mass spectrometry-based non-targeted metabolic profiling, such as biomarker identification studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Single-mixture nonlinear blind source separation; Explicit feature maps; Empirical kernel maps; Sparseness; Nonnegative matrix factorization; Mass spectrometry
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Mathematics > Applied Mathematics and Mathematical Modeling
NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
TECHNICAL SCIENCES > Computing
Divisions: Division of Laser and Atomic Research and Development
Division of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Analiza nelinearnih komponenata s primjenama u kemometriji i patologijiUNSPECIFIEDIS-9.01/232HRZZ
Depositing User: Ivica Kopriva
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2015 15:22
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2016 23:15
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/2266
DOI: 10.1002/cem.2745

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