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Changes in the planktonic community structure related to trophic conditions: the case study of the northern Adriatic Sea

Fuks, Dragica; Ivančić, Ingrid; Najdek-Dragić, Mirjana; Lučić, Davor; Njire, Jakica; Godrijan, Jelena; Marić, Daniela; Šilović, Tina; Paliaga, Paolo; Blažina, Marija; Precali, Robert; Orlić, Sandi (2012) Changes in the planktonic community structure related to trophic conditions: the case study of the northern Adriatic Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 96-97 . pp. 95-102. ISSN 0924-7963

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Differentiation of the plankton food web structure was studied during the 2003-2008 period, in situations when the system of the northern Adriatic Sea, one of the most productive area in the Mediterranean, switched from low nutrient to higher nutrient regime. The biomass distribution between autotrophs, bacteria, protozoans and metazoans showed that within the upper part of the water column the microbial food web was developed during the stratification period (May-September) in oligotrophic conditions, with a larger heterotrophic/autotrophic (H/A) ratio in the western (1.4-1.7) than in the eastern part (1.2-1.5). Classical food web patterns (H/A 0.3-0.7) were observed when additional nutrient supply by freshwater (stratification period) or/and by mixing throughout the water column (November-March) occurred. However, while the stratification period with freshets (originated from the Po River outflow) was characterized by an increased biomass of autotrophs and heterotrophs, there was a reduction of biomasses during the mixing period, indicating increased carbon export from the area. In the bottom layer heterotrophs were not able to use the excess of autotrophic production, hence probably a part of autotrophs sank to the sediments fuelling benthic communities. Moreover, recurrently higher metazoans than protozoans biomass ratios suggested the occurrence of herbivorous and microbial grazing modes of metazoans.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: biomass pyramid; chl a; bacteria; heterotrophic flagellates; ciliated protozoans; metazoans; northern Adriatic Sea
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
Divisions: Center for Marine Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Mehanizam dugoročnih promjena u ekosustavu sjevernog Jadrana[38614] Robert Precali098-0982705-2731MZOS
Struktura i fiziologija mikrobnih zajednica frontalnih zona sjevernog Jadrana[83206] Mirjana Najdek-Dragić098-0982705-2729MZOS
Depositing User: Ingrid Ivančić
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2014 11:24
DOI: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.02.006

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