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Results of hydrothermal treatment of the amorphous phases obtained by ball milling of zeolites A, X and synthetic mordenite

Kosanović, Cleo; Subotić, Boris; Šmit, Ivan (2001) Results of hydrothermal treatment of the amorphous phases obtained by ball milling of zeolites A, X and synthetic mordenite. Croatica Chemica Acta, 74 (1). pp. 195-206. ISSN 0011-1643

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Abstract

High-energy ball milling of zeolites A, X and synthetic mordenite for an appropriate time results in the formation of true amorphous aluminosilicate phases having the same chemical composition as the starting (unmilled) crystalline materials (zeolites). Since the solubility of thus prepared amorphous solids in hot alkaline solutions is considerably higher than the solubility of the starting zeolites under the same conditions, it can be expected that hydrothermal treatment of the amorphous solids would result in their transformation to more stable phases by solution-mediated processes. To evaluate this thesis, the X-ray amorphous solid phases obtained by high-energy ball milling of zeolites A, X and synthetic mordenite were hydrothermally treated at 80 degreesC by 2 M and 4 M NaOH solution, respectively, for 4 h. The products obtained (zeolites A, P and hydroxysodalite) were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction and particle size distribution measurements. It was concluded that the nuclei for zeolite crystallization originate from the residual nano-sized quasicrystalline particles (short-range ordering of Si and Al atoms inside amorphous regions that have not been completely destroyed during milling). Type(s) of the zeolite(s) (zeolite A, zeolite Pa) crystallized by the growth of the nuclei under the given conditions are determined by the chemical composition of the liquid phase (concentrations of Si and Al), and by the chemical composition of the precursor (determined by the type of mechanochemically amorphized zeolite) and the alkalinity of the system (NaOH concentration in the liquid phase), respectively. The results obtained are in agreement with the thermodynamic stabilities of the zeolite types that may be crystallized under the given conditions and at relative rates of crystallization.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: zeolite A; zeolite X; synthetic mordenite; amorphization; ball milling; hydrothermal treatment; transformation; cubic b1 modifications; freshly prepared gel; natural kaolinites; tetragonal b8; kinetics; crystallization; transformation; mechanochemistry; hydroxysodalite; nap
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Istraživanje procesa kristalizacije i ionske zamjene zeolitaBoris Subotić00980901MZOS
Depositing User: Boris Subotić
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2013 10:33
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2014 16:57
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/996

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