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Prognostic biomarkers of Parkinson’s disease in the Spanish EPIC cohort: a multiplatform metabolomics approach

Gonzalez-Riano, Carolina; Saiz, Jorge; Barbas, Coral; Bergareche, Alberto; Huerta, José Mª; Ardanaz, Eva; Konjevod, Marcela; Mondragon, Elisabet; Erro, M. E.; Chirlaque, M. Dolores; Abilleira, Eunate; Goñi-Irigoyen, Fernando; Amiano, Pilar (2021) Prognostic biomarkers of Parkinson’s disease in the Spanish EPIC cohort: a multiplatform metabolomics approach. npj Parkinson's Disease, 7 . ISSN 2373-8057

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The lack of knowledge about the onset and progression of Parkinson’s disease (PD) hampers its early diagnosis and treatment. Metabolomics might shed light on the PD imprint seeking a broader view of the biochemical remodeling induced by this disease in an early and pre-symptomatic stage and unveiling potential biomarkers. To achieve this goal, we took advantage of the great potential of the European Prospective Study on Nutrition and Cancer (EPIC) cohort to apply metabolomics searching for early diagnostic PD markers. This cohort consisted of healthy volunteers that were followed for around 15 years until June 2011 to ascertain incident PD. For this untargeted metabolomics-based study, baseline preclinical plasma samples of 39 randomly selected individuals that developed PD (Pre-PD group) and the corresponding control group were analyzed using a multiplatform approach. Data were statistically analyzed and exposed alterations in 33 metabolites levels, including significantly lower levels of free fatty acids (FFAs) in the preclinical samples from PD subjects. These results were then validated by adopting a targeted HPLC-QqQ-MS approach. After integrating all the metabolites affected, our finding revealed alterations in FFAs metabolism, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and gut–brain axis dysregulation long before the development of PD hallmarks. Although the biological purpose of these events is still unknown, the remodeled metabolic pathways highlighted in this work might be considered worthy prognostic biomarkers of early prodromal PD. The findings revealed by this work are of inestimable value since this is the first study conducted with samples collected many years before the disease development.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Parkinson’s disease; PD; markers; metabolomics; EPIC
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences > Neuroscience
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Clinical Medical Sciences > Neurology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Ana Zečević
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2024 08:42
DOI: 10.1038/s41531-021-00216-4

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