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The θ-angle and axion physics of two-color QCD at fixed baryon charge

Bersini, Jahmall; D'Alise, Allesandra; Sannino, Francesco; Torres, Matías (2022) The θ-angle and axion physics of two-color QCD at fixed baryon charge. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2022 (11). ISSN 1029-8479

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We analyze the impact of the θ-angle and axion dynamics for two-color (in fact any Sp(2N )) QCD at nonzero baryon charge and as a function of the number of matter fields on the vacuum properties, the pattern of chiral symmetry breaking as well as the spectrum of the theory. We show that the vacuum acquires a rich structure when the underlying CP violating topological operator is added to the theory. We discover novel phases and analyse the order of their transitions characterizing the dynamics of the odd and even number of flavours. We further determine the critical chemical potential as function of the θ angle separating the normal from the superfluid phase of the theory. Our results will guide numerical simulations and novel tests of the model’s dynamics. The results are also expected to better inform phenomenological applications of the model ranging from composite Higgs physics to strongly interacting massive dark matter models featuring number changing interactions. In the companion work [1] we repurpose and upgrade the approach to determine the impact of the θ-angle and axion physics on non-perturbative near conformal dynamics related to the fixed baryon charge sector.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chiral Lagrangian; Finite Temperature or Finite Density; Global Symmetries; Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics > Physics of Elementary Particles and Fields
Divisions: Theoretical Physics Division
Depositing User: Oleg Antipin
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2024 13:06
DOI: 10.1007/JHEP11(2022)080

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