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Oxidative stress and regeneration

Jaganjac, Morana; Milković, Lidija; Žarković, Neven; Žarković, Kamelija (2022) Oxidative stress and regeneration. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 181 . pp. 154-165. ISSN 0891-5849

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Regeneration is the process of replacing/restoring a damaged cell/tissue/organ to its full function and is limited respecting complexity of specific organ structures and the level of differentiation of the cells. Unlike physiological cell turnover, this tissue replacement form is activated upon pathological stimuli such as injury and/or disease that usually involves inflammatory response. To which extent will tissue repair itself depends on many factors and involves different mechanisms. Oxidative stress is one of them, either acute, as in case of traumatic brin injury or chronic, as in case of neurodegeneration, oxidative stress within brain involves lipid peroxidation, which generates reactive aldehydes, such as 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). While 4-HNE is certainly neurotoxic and causes disruption of the blood brain barrier in case of severe injuries, it is also physiologically produced by glial cells, especially astrocytes, but its physiological roles within CNS are not understood. Because 4-HNE can regulate the response of the other cells in the body to stress, enhance their antioxidant capacities, proliferation and differentiation, we could assume that it may also have some beneficial role for neuroregeneration. Therefore, future studies on the relevance of 4-HNE for the interaction between neuronal cells, notably stem cells and reactive astrocytes might reveal novel options to better monitor and treat consequences or brain injuries, neurodegeneration and regeneration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 4-Hydroxynonenal; Astrocytes; Insult; Neurodegeneration; Neuronal stem cells; Neuroregeneration; Oxidative stress; Penumbra; Redox signaling; Traumatic brain injury
BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences > Human Genetics, Genomics and Proteomics
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Morana Jaganjac
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2024 12:23
DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2022.02.004

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