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Study of Photocatalytic Oxidation of Micropollutants in Water and Intensification Case Study

Radetić, Lucija; Marčec, Jan; Brnardić, Ivan; Čižmar, Tihana; Grčić, Ivana (2022) Study of Photocatalytic Oxidation of Micropollutants in Water and Intensification Case Study. Catalysts, 12 (11). ISSN 2073-4344

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During the last decades, heterogenous photocatalysis has shown as the most promising advanced oxidation process for the removal of micropollutants due to degradation rate, sustainability, non-toxicity, and low-cost. Synergistic interaction of light irradiation, photocatalysts, and highly reactive species are used to break down pollutants toward inert products. Even though titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) is the most researched photocatalyst, to overcome shortcomings, various modifications have been made to intensify photocatalytic activity in visible spectra range among which is modification with multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). Therefore, photocatalytic oxidation and its intensification by photocatalyst’s modification was studied on the example of four micropollutants (diclofenac, DF ; imidacloprid, IMI ; 1-H benzotriazole, BT ; methylene blue, MB) degradation. Compound parabolic collector (CPC) reactor was used as, nowadays, it has been considered the state-of-the-art system due to its usage of both direct and diffuse solar radiation and quantum efficiency. A commercially available TiO2 P25 and nanocomposite of TiO2 and MWCNT were immobilized on a glass fiber mesh by sol-gel method. Full-spectra solar lamps with appropriate UVB and UVA irradiation levels were used in all experiments. Photocatalytic degradation of DF, IMI, BT, and MB by immobilized TiO2 and TiO2/CNT photocatalysts was achieved. Mathematical modelling which included mass transfer and photon absorption was applied and intrinsic reaction rate constants were estimated: kDF = 3.56 × 10−10s −1W−0.5m1.5 , kIMI = 8.90 × 10−11s −1W−0.5m1.5 , kBT= 1.20 × 10−9 s −1W−0.5m1.5 , kMB = 1.62 × 10−10s −1W−0.5m1.5. Intensification of photocatalysis by TiO2/CNT was observed for DF, IMI, and MB, while that was not the case for BT. The developed model can be effectively applied for different irradiation conditions which makes it extremely versatile and adaptable when predicting the degradation extents throughout the year using sunlight as the energy source at any location.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: micropollutants; TiO2 films; TiO2/CNT nanocomposites; photocatalysis kinetics
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
TECHNICAL SCIENCES > Chemical Engineering
Divisions: Division of Materials Physics
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Otpad i Sunce u službi fotokatalitičke razgradnje mikroonečišćivala u vodamaIvana GrčićKK.živački projekti
Depositing User: Diana Mikoč Radešić
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2024 12:31
DOI: 10.3390/catal12111463

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