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Interactions of HPV E6 Oncoproteins with Binding Partners: Implications on E6 Stability and Cellular Functions

Đukić, Anamaria (2023) Interactions of HPV E6 Oncoproteins with Binding Partners: Implications on E6 Stability and Cellular Functions. Doctoral thesis, University of Rijeka.

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Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a group of small DNA viruses that cause various human malignancies, with cervical cancer being the most significant disease associated with a persistent HPV infection. Only a small number of HPV types has been shown to be responsible for these malignancies. These HPVs are referred as high-risk (HR) types, with HPV-16 and -18 being the most prominent ones. Two major viral oncoproteins, E6 and E7, directly contribute to the development of cancers by interfering with various cellular signaling pathways. A number of HPV-16 variants has been identified in different geographical locations, with some variants exhibiting higher oncogenic potential than others. The first part of thesis focuses on the analysis of the HPV-16 E6 D25N L83V variant, which was shown to be strongly associated with the development of cervical cancer. It was shown that this variant exhibits an increased capacity for interacting with E6AP ubiquitin ligase and consequently degraded it more efficiently, in comparison to the other analyzed mutants HPV-16 E6 D25N and E6 L83V. The HPV-16 E6 mutants' abilities to degrade key cellular target proteins, including the p53 tumor suppressor and PDZ-domain containing substrates, were investigated through in vitro and overexpression degradation assays. The analyses revealed no significant differences in the degradatory activities among the evaluated E6 mutant oncoproteins. Furthermore, the second part of this thesis demonstrates that multiple α-E6 oncoproteins can bind to MAML1 via LXXLL motif, resulting in an increased α-E6 protein stability. β-E6 oncoprotein stability was also shown to be dependent on the interaction with MAML1, whilst the absence of MAML1 led to both HPV-8 E6 and HPV-18 E6 oncoprotein rapid turnover at the proteasome. The study proposed a model by which most of β-E6s interact exclusively with MAML1, whereas it appears that two cellular pools of HR α-E6 are present, one forms a complex with MAML1, while the other one interacts with E6AP. Although HR α-E6/MAML1 complex does not affect the targeting of cellular substrates such as p53 and DLG1, co-expression of MAML1 and E6AP with HR α-E6 modulates MAML1's normal cellular activities leading to a significant increase in cellular proliferation. Silencing MAML1 decreases wound closure in HeLa cells, suggesting its role in the regulation of cellular migration in HPV-positive cells and maintenance of the transformed phenotype. Overall, this doctoral thesis provides novel insights into the functions of both α- and β-E6 oncoproteins and their roles in HPV-induced pathogenesis.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral thesis)
Uncontrolled Keywords: HPV; E6; E6 variants; cervical cancer; skin cancer; E6AP; MAML1; oncogenesis; protein stability; proliferation; migration
Subjects: INTERDISCIPLINARY AREAS OF KNOWLEDGE > Biotechnology in Biomedicine (natural science, biomedicine and healthcare, bioethics area
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Rasvjetljivanje onkogenih funkcija E6/E7 HPV-a na različitim anatomskim mjestima-HPVHNCVjekoslav TomaićIP-2016-06-2246HRZZ
Biological Factors Determining Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Driven CarcinogenesisVjekoslav TomaićCRP/HRV16-05_ECICGEB Early Career Return Grant
Depositing User: Anamaria Đukić
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2023 10:12

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