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Distinguishing nonstandard interaction and Lorentz invariance violation at the Protvino to super-ORCA experiment

Majhi, Rudra; Singha, Dinesh Kumar; Ghosh, Manojit; Mohanta, Rukmani (2023) Distinguishing nonstandard interaction and Lorentz invariance violation at the Protvino to super-ORCA experiment. Physical Review D, 107 (7). ISSN 2470-0010

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As the two phenomena nonstandard interaction (NSI) in neutrino propagation and Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) modify the Hamiltonian of neutrino oscillation in a similar fashion, it is very difficult to distinguish these two effects. The only difference between them lies in the fact that NSI depends on the matter density, whereas LIV is independent of the earth matter effect. Therefore for a fixed baseline experiment, where matter density is constant, the theories describing NSI and LIV are exactly equivalent. However, as the present and future bounds of the NSI and LIV parameters are not equivalent, one can distinguish these two scenarios in the long-baseline neutrino experiments depending on their statistics with respect to the present and future bounds of these parameters. In this paper, we attempt to differentiate between LIV and NSI in the context of DUNE and P2SO, as these two future experiments are believed to be sensitive to the strongest matter effect and will have very large statistics. Taking LIV in the data and NSI in theory, our results show that indeed it is possible to have good discrimination between LIV and NSI. The best separation between LIV and NSI at $3 \sigma$ C.L. is achieved for the parameter $a_{;\mu\mu};$ with P2SO. In this case, the value of the LIV parameter, for which separation is possible, lies within its future bound if one considers the value of NSI parameter to be constrained by the present experiments. Between DUNE and P2SO, the latter has better sensitivity for such discrimination.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neutrino Oscillation ; non-standard interaction ; Lorentz invariance violation
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Depositing User: Manojit Ghosh
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2023 12:05
DOI: 10.1103/physrevd.107.075036

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