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Investigation of ELM-related Larmor ion flux into toroidal gaps of divertor target plates

Krieger, K.; Balden, M.; Barac, Marko; Bogdanović Radović, Ivančica; Brida, D.; Faitsch, M.; Gunn, JP.; Markelj, S.; Kelemen, M.; Manhard, A.; de Marne, P.; Pitts, P.; Rohde, V. (2023) Investigation of ELM-related Larmor ion flux into toroidal gaps of divertor target plates. Nuclear fusion, 63 . ISSN 0029-5515

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A detailed assessment of the thermo-mechanical limits of the International Tokamak Experimental Reactor (ITER) divertor with respect to potential excessive local transient heat loads due to edge localised modes (ELMs) has revealed a particular power loading scenario arising from the fact that ELM ions expelled from the upstream pedestal region will arrive at the divertor target plates without substantial thermalisation. As a consequence of their Larmor gyration around magnetic field lines, they are able to penetrate toroidal gaps between individual monoblocks of the target plate structure and can deliver rather intense heat loads to monoblock side faces near the gap entrance. To verify that this ELM-induced loading, predicted by both ion orbit simulations and particle in cell simulations, really does occur, two dedicated experiments have been performed on the ASDEX Upgrade tokamak. In both experiments a model toroidal gap structure of similar dimensions to those of the ITER divertor target monoblocks was exposed to a series of identical H-mode discharges with strong type-I ELMs. The effects arising from the gyro motion of hot ELM ions were identified by inverting, in the second experiment, the directions of both toroidal field and plasma current, thus reversing the ion gyration direction. The local distribution of incident ion flux on the gap side faces was quantified by pre- and post-exposure analysis of platinum marker layers to determine quantitatively the erosion rate of the platinum marker. The results fully confirm the ion orbit code predictions with respect to the penetration depth of incident ions with gyro orbits of similar or larger radius than the gap width. Moreover, the results confirm that ELM ions do indeed arrive at the divertor with their typical pedestal energies and also allow conclusions to be drawn regarding the corresponding intra-ELM ion particle and power flux, which is not easy to quantify using Langmuir probes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: nuclear fusion ; plasma physics ; ITER
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Depositing User: Ivančica Bogdanović Radović
Date Deposited: 21 Jun 2023 11:41
DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/acca93

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