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Dialog beyond the Grave: Necrosis in the Tumor Microenvironment and Its Contribution to Tumor Growth

Zapletal, Emilija; Vasiljević, Tea; Busson, Pierre; Matijević Glavan, Tanja (2023) Dialog beyond the Grave: Necrosis in the Tumor Microenvironment and Its Contribution to Tumor Growth. International journal of molecular sciences, 24 . pp. 5278-5751. ISSN 1422-0067

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Damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) are endogenous molecules released from the necrotic cells dying after exposure to various stressors. After binding to their receptors, they can stimulate various signaling pathways in target cells. DAMPs are especially abundant in the microenvironment of malignant tumors and are suspected to influence the behavior of malignant and stromal cells in multiple ways often resulting in promotion of cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and metastasis, as well as increased immune evasion. This review will start with a reminder of the main features of cell necrosis, which will be compared to other forms of cell death. Then we will summarize the various methods used to assess tumor necrosis in clinical practice including medical imaging, histopathological examination, and/or biological assays. We will also consider the importance of necrosis as a prognostic factor. Then the focus will be on the DAMPs and their role in the tumor microenvironment (TME). We will address not only their interactions with the malignant cells, frequently leading to cancer progression, but also with the immune cells and their contribution to immunosuppression. Finally, we will emphasize the role of DAMPs released by necrotic cells in the activation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the possible contributions of TLRs to tumor development. This last point is very important for the future of cancer therapeutics since there are attempts to use TLR artificial ligands for cancer therapeutics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: necrosis ; damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) ; Toll-like receptors ; cancer ; tumor microenvironment (TME) ; HMGB1 ; RAGE
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Toll-like receptor 3 u razvoju i liječenju tumora glave i vrata: uloga endogenih liganadaMatijević Glavan, TanjaIP-2020-02-4225HRZZ
Depositing User: Tanja Matijević Glavan
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2023 11:42
DOI: 10.3390/ijms24065278

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