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Bioaccumulation and bioamplification of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disruptors in aquatic insects

Veseli, Marina; Rožman, Marko; Vilenica, Marina; Petrović, Mira; Previšić, Ana (2022) Bioaccumulation and bioamplification of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disruptors in aquatic insects. Science of the total environment, 838 (2). ISSN 0048-9697

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Environmental fate of emerging contaminants such as pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds at the aquatic terrestrial boundary are largely unexplored. Aquatic insects connect aquatic and terrestrial food webs as their life cycle includes aquatic and terrestrial life stages, thus they represent an important inter-habitat linkage not only for energy and nutrient flow, but also for contaminant transfer to terrestrial environments. We measured the concentrations of pharmaceuticals and endocrine disrupting compounds in the larval and adult tissues (last larval stages and teneral adults) of five Odonata species sampled in a wastewater-impacted river, in order to examine their bioaccumulation and bioamplification at different taxonomic levels. Twenty different compounds were bioaccumulated in insect tissues, with majority having higher concentrations (up to 90% higher) in aquatic larvae compared to terrestrial adults (reaching 88 ng/g for 1H-benzotriazole). However, increased concentration in adults was observed for seven compounds in at least one suborder (41%of the accumulated), confirming contaminants bioamplification across the metamorphosis. Both, bioaccumulation and bioamplification differed at various taxa levels ; the order (Odonata), suborder (Anisoptera and Zygoptera) and species level. Highest variability was observed between Anisoptera and Zygoptera, due to the underlying differences in their ecology. Generally, Zygoptera had higher concentrations of contaminants in both larvae and adults. Additionally, we aimed at predicting effects of contaminant properties on bioaccumulation and bioamplification patterns using the commonly used physicochemical and pharmacokinetic descriptors on both order and suborder levels, however, neither of the two processes could be consistently predicted with simple linear models. Our study highlights the importance of taxonomy in studies aiming at advancing the understanding of contaminant exchange between aquatic and terrestrial foodwebs, as higher taxonomic categories include ecologically diverse groups, whose contribution to “the dark side of subsidies” could substantially differ.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Emerging contaminants ; Aquatic-terrestrial habitat linkage ; Ecological traits ; Subsidies ; Odonata
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
Divisions: Division of Physical Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Učinci višestrukih stresora na biološku raznolikost i funkcije slatkovodnih ekosustavaPrevišić, AnaPZS-2019-02-9479HRZZ
Višestruki stresori u vodenom okolišu: razumijevanje svojstava stresora i receptoraRožman, MarkoIP-2018-01-2298HRZZ
Depositing User: Marko Rožman
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2022 13:15
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.156208

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