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Innovative Insights into In Vitro Activity of Colloidal Platinum Nanoparticles against ESBL-Producing Strains of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae

Vukoja, Damir; Vlainić, Josipa; Ljolić Bilić, Vanja; Martinaga, Lela; Rezić, Iva; Brlek Gorski, Diana; Kosalec, Ivan (2022) Innovative Insights into In Vitro Activity of Colloidal Platinum Nanoparticles against ESBL-Producing Strains of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Pharmaceutics, 14 (8). pp. 1714-1729. ISSN 1999-4923

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Growing morbidity and mortality rates due to increase in the number of infections caused by MDR (multi-drug resistant) microorganisms are becoming some of the foremost global health issues. Thus, the need to search for and find novel approaches to fight AMR (antimicrobial resistance) has become obligatory. This study aimed to determine the antimicrobial properties of commercially purchased colloidal platinum nanoparticles by examining the existence and potency of their antibacterial effects and investigating the mechanisms by means of which they express these activities. Antimicrobial properties were investigated with respect to standard laboratory ATCC (American Type Cell Culture) and clinical extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing strains of Escherichia (E.) coli and Klebsiella (K.) pneumoniae. Standard microbiological methods of serial microdilution, modulation of microbial cell death kinetics (“time–kill” assays), and biofilm inhibition were used. Bacterial cell wall damage and ROS (reactive oxygen species) levels were assessed in order to explore the mechanisms of platinum nanoparticles’ antibacterial activities. Platinum nanoparticles showed strong antibacterial effects against all tested bacterial strains, though their antibacterial effects were found to succumb to time kinetics. Antibiofilm activity was modest overall and significantly effective only against E. coli strains. By measuring extracellular DNA/RNA and protein concentrations, induced bacterial cell wall damage could be assumed. The determination of ROS levels induced by platinum nanoparticles revealed their possible implication in antibacterial activity. We conclude that platinum nanoparticles exhibit potent antibacterial effects against standard laboratory and resistant strains of E. coli and K. pneumoniae. Both, cell wall damage and ROS induction could have important role as mechanisms of antibacterial activity, and, require further investigation

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: platinum nanoparticles ; antimicrobial nanoparticles ; antibacterial agents ; nanomedicine ; nanopharmaceuticals ; bacterial resistance ; multidrug-resistant bacteria
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
TECHNICAL SCIENCES > Textile Technology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Antibakterijska prevlaka za biorazgradive medicinske materijaleRezić, IvaIP-2019-04-1381HRZZ
Depositing User: Josipa Vlainić
Date Deposited: 07 Sep 2022 08:04
DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics14081714

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