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Surface Functionalisation of Dental Implants with a Composite Coating of Alendronate and Hydrolysed Collagen: DFT and EIS Studies

Petrović, Željka; Šarić, Ankica; Despotović, Ines; Katić, Jozefina; Peter, Robert; Petravić, Mladen; Ivanda, Mile; Petković, Marin (2022) Surface Functionalisation of Dental Implants with a Composite Coating of Alendronate and Hydrolysed Collagen: DFT and EIS Studies. Materials, 15 (15). ISSN 1996-1944

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The success of the osseointegration process depends on the surface characteristics and chemical composition of dental implants. Therefore, the titanium dental implant was functionalised with a composite coating of alendronate and hydrolysed collagen, which are molecules with a positive influence on the bone formation. The results of the quantum chemical calculations at the density functional theory level confirm a spontaneous formation of the composite coating on the titanium implant, ∆G*INT = -8.25 kcal mol-1. The combination of the results of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations reveals the structure of the coating. The alendronate molecules dominate in the outer part, while collagen tripeptides prevail in the inner part of the coating. The electrochemical stability and resistivity of the implant modified with the composite coating in a contact with the saliva depends on the chemical nature of alendronate and collagen molecules, as well as their inter- and intramolecular interactions. The formed composite coating provides a 98%-protection to the implant after the 7-day immersion in the artificial saliva. From an application point of view, the composite coating could effectively promote osseointegration and improve the implant’s resistivity in contact with an aggressive environment such as saliva.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: titanium dental implant ; sodium alendronate ; hydrolysed collagen ; functionalisation ; DFT ; XPS ; EIS
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Division of Materials Physics
Division of Physical Chemistry
Depositing User: Željka Petrović
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2022 09:50
DOI: 10.3390/ma15155127

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