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Conserved DNA Motifs, Including the CENP-B Box- like, Are Possible Promoters of Satellite DNA Array Rearrangements in Nematodes

Meštrović, Nevenka; Pavlek, Martina; Car, Ana; Castagnone-Sereno, Philippe; Abad, Pierre; Plohl, Miroslav (2013) Conserved DNA Motifs, Including the CENP-B Box- like, Are Possible Promoters of Satellite DNA Array Rearrangements in Nematodes. PLoS ONE, 8 (6). e6732-1. ISSN 1932-6203

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Tandemly arrayed non-coding sequences or satellite DNAs (satDNAs) are rapidly evolving segments of eukaryotic genomes, including the centromere, and may raise a genetic barrier that leads to speciation. However, determinants and mechanisms of satDNA sequence dynamics are only partially understood. Sequence analyses of a library of five satDNAs common to the root-knot nematodes Meloidogyne chitwoodi and M. fallax together with a satDNA, which is specific for M. chitwoodi only revealed low sequence identity (32–64%) among them. However, despite sequence differences, two conserved motifs were recovered. One of them turned out to be highly similar to the CENP-B box of human alpha satDNA, identical in 10–12 out of 17 nucleotides. In addition, organization of nematode satDNAs was comparable to that found in alpha satDNA of human and primates, characterized by monomers concurrently arranged in simple and higher-order repeat (HOR) arrays. In contrast to alpha satDNA, phylogenetic clustering of nematode satDNA monomers extracted either from simple or from HOR array indicated frequent shuffling between these two organizational forms. Comparison of homogeneous simple arrays and complex HORs composed of different satDNAs, enabled, for the first time, the identification of conserved motifs as obligatory components of monomer junctions. This observation highlights the role of short motifs in rearrangements, even among highly divergent sequences. Two mechanisms are proposed to be involved in this process, i.e., putative transposition-related cut-and-paste insertions and/or illegitimate recombination. Possibility for involvement of the nematode CENP-B box-like sequence in the transposition-related mechanism and together with previously established similarity of the human CENP-B protein and pogo- like transposases implicate a novel role of the CENP-B box and related sequence motifs in addition to the known function in centromere protein binding.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: satellite DNA; holocentric chromosome; CENP B box
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Evolucija, osobitosti i funkcionalne interakcije sekvenci satelitnih DNAPlohl, Miroslav098-0982913-2756MZOS
Depositing User: Martina Pavlek
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2022 14:31
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067328

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