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Duality, Generalized Global Symmetries and Jet Space Isometries

Chatzistavrakidis, Athanasios; Karagiannis, Georgios; Ranjbar, Arash (2021) Duality, Generalized Global Symmetries and Jet Space Isometries. Universe, 8 (1). ISSN 2218-1997

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We revisit universal features of duality in linear and nonlinear relativistic scalar and Abelian 1-form theories with single or multiple fields, which exhibit ordinary or generalized global symmetries. We show that such global symmetries can be interpreted as generalized Killing isometries on a suitable, possibly graded, target space of fields or its jet space when the theory contains higher derivatives. This is realized via a generalized sigma model perspective motivated from the fact that higher spin particles can be Nambu–Goldstone bosons of spontaneously broken generalized global symmetries. We work out in detail the 2D examples of a compact scalar and the massless Heisenberg pion fireball model and the 4D examples of Maxwell, Born–Infeld, and ModMax electrodynamics. In all cases we identify the ’t Hooft anomaly that obstructs the simultaneous gauging of both global symmetries and confirm the anomaly matching under duality. These results readily generalize to higher gauge theories for p-forms. For multifield theories, we discuss the transformation of couplings under duality as two sets of Buscher rules for even or odd differential forms.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: duality; global symmetries; gauge field theories; sigma models; nonlinear electrodynamics
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Theoretical Physics Division
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Nove geometrije za gravitaciju i prostor-vrijeme-GRASPAthanasios ChatzistavrakidisIP-2018-01-7615HRZZ
Depositing User: Kristina Ciglar
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2022 11:25
DOI: 10.3390/universe8010010

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