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Human adenovirus type 26 induced IL-6 gene expression in an αvβ3 integrin- and NF-κB-dependent manner

Nestić, Davor; Božinović, Ksenija; Drašković, Isabela; Kovačević, Alen; van den Bosch, Jolien; Knežević, Jelena; Custers, Jerome; Ambriović- Ristov, Andreja; Majhen, Dragomira (2022) Human adenovirus type 26 induced IL-6 gene expression in an αvβ3 integrin- and NF-κB-dependent manner. Viruses-Basel, 14 (4). ISSN 1999-4915

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The low seroprevalent human adenovirus type 26 (HAdV26)-based vaccine vector was the first adenovirus-based vector to receive marketing authorization from European Commission. HAdV26- based vaccine vectors induce durable humoral and cellular immune responses and, as such, represent a highly valuable tool for fighting infectious diseases. Despite well-described immunogenicity in vivo, the basic biology of HAdV26 still needs some refinement. The aim of this study was to determine the pro-inflammatory cytokine profile of epithelial cells infected with HAdV26 and then investigate the underlying molecular mechanism. The expression of studied genes and proteins was assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blot, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Confocal microscopy was used to visualize HAdV26 cell uptake. We found that HAdV26 infection in human epithelial cells triggers the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, namely IL-6, IL-8, IL- 1β, and TNF-α, with the most pronounced difference shown for IL-6. We investigated the underlying molecular mechanism and observed that HAdV26- induced IL-6 gene expression is αvβ3 integrin dependent and NF-κB mediated. Our findings provide new data regarding pro-inflammatory cytokine and chemokine expression in HAdV26-infected epithelial cells, as well as details concerning HAdV26- induced host signaling pathways. Information obtained within this research increases our current knowledge of HAdV26 basic biology and, as such, can contribute to further development of HAdV26-based vaccine vectors.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: human adenovirus type 26 ; vaccine vector ; innate immune response ; integrin αvβ3
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Endocitoza adenovirusa i urođeni imunosni odgovorMajhen, DragomiraIP-2019-04-6048HRZZ
Depositing User: Jelena Knežević
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 14:36
DOI: 10.3390/v14040672

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