hrvatski jezikClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Preliminary findings on the association of the lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal with the lethal outcome of aggressive COVID-19

Žarković, Neven; Orehovec, Biserka; Milković, Lidija; Baršić, Bruno; Tatzber, Franz; Wonisch, Willibald; Tarle, Marko; Kmet, Marta; Mataić, Ana; Jakovčević, Antonia; Vuković, Tea; Talić, Danijela; Waeg, Georg; Lukšić, Ivica; Skrzydlewska, Elżbieta; Žarković, Kamelija (2021) Preliminary findings on the association of the lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal with the lethal outcome of aggressive COVID-19. Antioxidants, 10 (9). ISSN 2076-3921

PDF - Published Version - article
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (1MB) | Preview


Major findings of the pilot study involving 21 critically ill patients during the week after admission to the critical care unit specialized for COVID-19 are presented. Fourteen patients have recovered, while seven passed away. There were no differences between them in respect to clinical or laboratory parameters monitored. However, protein adducts of the lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) were higher in the plasma of the deceased patients, while total antioxidant capacity was below the detection limit for the majority of sera samples in both groups. Moreover, levels of the HNE-protein adducts were constant in the plasma of the deceased patients, while in survivors, they have shown prominent and dynamic variations, suggesting that survivors had active oxidative stress response mechanisms reacting to COVID-19 aggression, which were not efficient in patients who died. Immunohistochemistry revealed the abundant presence of HNE-protein adducts in the lungs of deceased patients indicating that HNE is associated with the lethal outcome. It seems that HNE was spreading from the blood vessels more than being a consequence of pneumonia. Due to the limitations of the relatively small number of patients involved in this study, further research on HNE and antioxidants is needed. This might allow a better understanding of COVID-19 and options for utilizing antioxidants by personalized, integrative biomedicine approach to prevent the onset of HNE-mediated vitious circle of lipid peroxidation in patients with aggressive inflammatory diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: COVID-19 ; oxidative stress ; lipid peroxidation ; 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) ; inflammation ; antioxidants ; peroxides ; free radicals ; reactive oxygen species (ROS) ; blood vessels ; lungs ; immunohistochemistry ; HNE-ELISA ; SARS-CoV-2
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Neven Žarković
Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2022 09:25
DOI: 10.3390/antiox10091341

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

Increase Font
Decrease Font
Dyslexic Font