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Wheat leaf antioxidative status - variety-specific mechanisms of zinc tolerance during biofortification

Štolfa Čamagajevac, Ivna; Vuković, Rosemary; Vuković, Kristina; Vuković, Ana; Ivezić, Vladimir; Žuna Pfeiffer, Tanja; Krstin, Ljiljana; Lončarić, Zdenko (2021) Wheat leaf antioxidative status - variety-specific mechanisms of zinc tolerance during biofortification. Plants, 10 (10). ISSN 2223-7747

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In this study, we evaluated the leaf antioxidative responses of three wheat varieties (Srpanjka, Divana, and Simonida) treated with two different forms of zinc (Zn), Zn-sulfate and Zn-EDTA, in concentrations commonly used in agronomic biofortification. Zn concentration was significantly higher in the flag leaves of all three wheat varieties treated with Zn-EDTA compared to control and leaves treated with Zn- sulfate. Both forms of Zn increased malondialdehyde level and total phenolics content in varieties Srpanjka and Divana. Total glutathione content was not affected after the Zn treatment. Zn-sulfate increased the activities of glutathione reductase (GR) and guaiacol peroxidase (GPOD) in both Srpanjka and Divana, while glutathione S-transferase (GST) was only induced in var. Srpanjka. Chelate form of Zn increased the activities of GST and GPOD in both Simonida and Divana. Catalase activity was shown to be less sensitive to Zn treatment and was only induced in var. Srpanjka treated with Zn-EDTA where GPOD activity was not induced. Concentrations of Zn used for agronomic biofortification can induce oxidative stress in wheat leaves. The antioxidative status of wheat leaves could be a good indicator of Zn tolerance, whereas wheat genotype and chemical form of Zn are the most critical factors influencing Zn toxicity.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: zinc ; lipid peroxidation ; antioxidative status ; wheat ; biofortification
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Martina Žugaj
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2022 12:03
DOI: 10.3390/plants10102223

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