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Autologous blood coagulum containing rhBMP6 induces new bone formation to promote anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) and posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) of spine in sheep

Grgurević, Lovorka; Erjavec, Igor; Gupta, Munish; Pećin, Marko; Bordukalo-Nikšić, Tatjana; Štoković, Nikola; Vnuk, Dražen; Farkaš, Vladimir; Capak, Hrvoje; Milošević, Milan; Bubić Špoljar, Jadranka; Perić, Mihaela; Vučković, Mirta; Matičić, Dražen; Windhager, Reindard; Oppenmann, Hermann; Sampath, T. Kuber; Vukičević, Slobodan (2020) Autologous blood coagulum containing rhBMP6 induces new bone formation to promote anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) and posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) of spine in sheep. Bone (New York, N.Y.), 138 . ISSN 8756-3282

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resent study, we evaluated an autologous bone graft substitute (ABGS) composed of recombinant human BMP6 (rhBMP6) dispersed within autologous blood coagulum (ABC) used as a physiological carrier for new bone formation in spine fusion sheep models. The application of ABGS included cervical cage for use in the anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF), while for the posterolateral lumbar fusion (PLF) sheep model allograft devitalized bone particles (ALLO) were applied with and without use of instrumentation. In the ALIF model, ABGS (rhBMP6/ABC/cage) implants fused significantly when placed in between the denuded L4- L5 vertebrae as compared to control (ABC/cage) which appears to have a fibrocartilaginous gap, as examined by histology and micro CT analysis at 16 weeks following surgery. In the PLF model, ABGS implants with or without ALLO showed a complete fusion when placed ectopically in the gutter bilaterally between two decorticated L4-L5 transverse processes at a success rate of 88% without instrumentation and at 80% with instrumentation ; however the bone volume was 50% lower in the instrumentation group than without, as examined by histology, radiographs, micro CT analyses and biomechanical testing at 27 weeks following surgery. The newly formed bone was uniform within ABGS implants resulting in a biomechanically competent and histologically qualified fusion with an optimum dose in the range of 100 g rhBMP6 per mL ABC, while in the implants that contained ALLO, the mineralized bone particles were substituted by the newly formed remodeling bone via creeping substitution. These findings demonstrate for the first time that ABGS (rhBMP6/ABC) without and with ALLO particles induced a robust bone formation with a successful fusion in sheep models of ALIF and PLF, and that autologous blood coagulum (ABC) serves as a preferred physiological native carrier to induce new bone at low doses of rhBMP6 and to achieve a successful spinal fusion.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: sheep anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) ; sheep posterior lateral lumbar fusion (PLF) ; rhBMP6 ; autologous blood coagulum (ABC) as natural BMP carrier ; allograft (ALLO) ; compression resistant matrix (CRM)
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Veterinary Medicine
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Depositing User: Vladimir Farkaš
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2022 08:17
DOI: 10.1016/j.bone.2020.115448

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