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Chicken anaemia virus impairs nitric oxide production in HD11 chicken macrophages

Ester, Katja; Ragland, William Lauman (2020) Chicken anaemia virus impairs nitric oxide production in HD11 chicken macrophages. Slovenian veterinary research, 57 (4). pp. 179-186. ISSN 1580-4003

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Immunosuppressive viruses cause substantial economic losses to the poultry industry. Chicken anaemia virus (CAV) causes severe disease in young chickens, whereas subclinical infection in older birds causes immunosuppression. In this study, we addressed the ability of CAV to interfere with production of antimicrobial molecule nitric oxide (NO) by macrophages. NO production in chicken macrophage cell line HD11 was induced using both Toll-like receptor 4 agonist, bacterial lipopolysaccharide, and an immune modulator, interferon-γ. In addition, we treated macrophages with CAV propagated in chicken lymphoblastoid cells. The levels of NO were measured by the Griess reaction. Addition of CAV decreased both the interferon-γ and the lipopolysaccharide associated induction of NO. Observed effect was not caused by CAV-related cytotoxicity, as no decrease in number of viable cells was observed. Although CAV could not completely abrogate NO production, attenuation of NO induction was clearly present. We have previously shown that CAV interferes with the expression of interferons in chickens during subclinical infection. Since the signalling pathways of expression of interferons and type 2 nitric oxide synthase, enzyme involved in NO formation, overlap, we conclude that measured decrease in NO levels is a consequence of CAV interference with interferon and NO synthase signalling. Regardless of the fact whether the attenuation of NO serves as a viral primary defence, or is only a secondary effect, it could impair the immune response to other pathogens and contribute to the global immunosuppression in chicken houses.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: chicken ; immunosuppression ; chicken anaemia virus (CAV) ; macrophage ; nitric oxide (NO)
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Katja Ester
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2022 15:28
DOI: 10.26873/SVR-1012-2020

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