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Rationalization of Excited State Energy Transfer in D-π-A Porphyrin Sensitizers Enhanced Efficiency in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Lingamallu, Giribabu; Jonnadula, Venkata Suman Krishna; Prasanthkumar, Seelam; Džeba, Iva; Vijay Kumar, Challuri; Naim, Waad; Sauvage, Frederic (2021) Rationalization of Excited State Energy Transfer in D-π-A Porphyrin Sensitizers Enhanced Efficiency in Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Materials Advances, 2 (24). pp. 7922-7931. ISSN 2633-5409

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Donor-π-Acceptor (D-π-A) porphyrin based photo- sensitizers are extensively utilized in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). However, investigation on how the intramolecular photoinduced energy/electron transfer influences the device performance is still limited. Herein, we report three new D-π-A porphyrin sensitizers (LG8, LG9 and LG10) comprising of 3- ethynylfluoranthene as the donor and 2, 1, 3- benzothiadiazole (BTD), 2, 3-diphenylquinoxaline (DPQ), and 2, 3-di (thiophen2-yl) quinoxaline (DTQ) auxiliary acceptors. The LG8 showed more efficient and red-shifted energy transfer between donor and acceptor which translates into a higher power conversion efficiency (PCE). UV−visible absorption and fluorescence spectra revealed a large bathochromic shift and a significant quenching of the donor emission confirming an efficient intramolecular energy transfer from the fluoranthene linked porphyrin to the auxiliary acceptor benzothiadiazole in LG8. Density functional theory calculations showed that the LUMO of LG8 and LG10 destabilized and match with the conduction band edge of the anatase TiO2 nanoparticles. As a result, LG8 and LG10 are exhibiting the best power conversion efficiency (η ≈ 3.0 %) compared to LG9 (η = 1.50 %) owing to faster electron injection from the dye excited states into the TiO2’s conduction band. This work underlines that the modification of the electron donor and acceptor in D-π-A porphyrin sensitizers have noticeable influence on the photo-physical properties of π-conjugated systems thereby affecting device performances.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: D-π-A Porphyrin Sensitizers ; Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Depositing User: Iva Džeba
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2022 13:22
DOI: 10.1039/d1ma00614b

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