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Mechanochemical Metathesis between AgNO3 and NaX (X = Cl, Br, I) and Ag2XNO3 Double-Salt Formation

Lukin, Stipe; Stolar, Tomislav; Lončarić, Ivor; Milanović, Igor; Biliškov, Nikola; di Michiel, Marco; Friščić, Tomislav; Halasz, Ivan (2020) Mechanochemical Metathesis between AgNO3 and NaX (X = Cl, Br, I) and Ag2XNO3 Double-Salt Formation. Inorganic chemistry, 59 (17). pp. 12200-12208. ISSN 0020-1669

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Here we describe real-time, in situ monitoring of mechanochemical solid-state metathesis between silver nitrate and the entire series of sodium halides, on the basis of tandem powder X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy monitoring. The mechanistic monitoring reveals that reactions of AgNO3 with NaX (X = Cl, Br, I) differ in reaction paths, with only the reaction with NaBr providing the NaNO3 and AgX products directly. The reaction with NaI revealed the presence of a novel, short-lived intermediate phase, while the reaction with NaCl progressed the slowest through the well- defined Ag2ClNO3 intermediate double salt. While the corresponding iodide and bromide double salts were not observed as intermediates, all three are readily prepared as pure compounds by milling equimolar mixtures of AgX and AgNO3. The in situ observation of reactive intermediates in these simple metathesis reactions reveals a surprising resemblance of reactions involving purely ionic components to those of molecular organic solids and cocrystals. This study demonstrates the potential of in situ reaction monitoring for mechanochemical reactions of ionic compounds as well as completes the application of these techniques to all major compound classes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mixtures ; Physical and chemical processes ; Chemical reactions ; Energy ; Anions
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division of Physical Chemistry
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Mehanokemijska reaktivnost pod kontroliranim uvjetima temperature i atmosfere za čišću sintezu funkcionalnih materijalaUžarević, KrunoslavUIP-2014-09-4744HRZZ
Depositing User: Stipe Lukin
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2021 13:58
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.0c01196

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