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Altered Root Growth, Auxin Metabolism and Distribution in Arabidopsis thaliana Exposed to Salt and Osmotic Stress

Smolko, Ana; Bauer, Nataša; Pavlović, Iva; Penčik, Aleš; Novák, Ondřej; Salopek-Sondi, Branka (2021) Altered Root Growth, Auxin Metabolism and Distribution in Arabidopsis thaliana Exposed to Salt and Osmotic Stress. International journal of molecular sciences, 22 . ISSN 1422-0067

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Salt and osmotic stress are the main abiotic stress factors affecting plant root growth and architecture. We investigated the effect of salt (100 mM NaCl) and osmotic (200 mM mannitol) stress on the auxin metabolome by UHPLC-MS/MS, auxin distribution by confocal microscopy, and transcript levels of selected genes by qRT-PCR in Arabidopsis thaliana ecotype Columbia-0 (Col-0) and DR5rev::GFP (DR5) line. During long-term stress (13 days), a stability of the auxin metabolome and a tendency to increase indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) were observed, especially during salt stress. Short-term stress (3 h) caused significant changes in the auxin metabolome, especially NaCl treatment resulted in a significant reduction of IAA. The data derived from auxin profiling were consistent with gene expressions showing the most striking changes in the transcripts of YUC, GH3, and UGT transcripts, suggesting disruption of auxin biosynthesis, but especially in the processes of amide and ester conjugation. These data were consistent with the auxin distribution observed in the DR5 line. Moreover, NaCl treatment caused a redistribution of auxin signals from the quiescent center and the inner layers of the root cap to the epidermal and cortical cells of the root elongation zone. The distribution of PIN proteins was also disrupted by salt stress ; in particular, PIN2 was suppressed, even after 5 min of treatment. Based on our results, the DR5 line was more sensitive to the applied stresses than Col-0, although both lines showed similar trends in root morphology, as well as transcriptome and metabolome parameters under stress conditions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: abiotic stress ; Arabidopsis thaliana ; auxin distribution ; auxin metabolome ; auxin transcriptome ; root growth
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Agrobioraznolikost - osnova za prilagodbu i ublažavanje posljedica klimatskih promjena u poljoprivrediGoreta Ban, Smiljana; Salopek Sondi, Branka; Bauer, Nataša; Jasprica, Nenad; Kereša, SnježanaKK.
Fitohormoni u abiotskom stresu kupusnjača: mehanizam tolerancije i primjenaSalopek-Sondi, BrankaIP-2014-09-4359HRZZ
Depositing User: Branka Salopek Sondi
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2021 10:46
DOI: 10.3390/ ijms22157993

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