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Attitudes and practices of open data, preprinting, and peer-review—A cross sectional study on Croatian scientists

Baždarić, Ksenija; Vrkić, Iva; Arh, Evgenia; Mavrinac, Martina; Gligora Marković, Maja; Bilić-Zulle, Lidija; Stojanovski, Jadranka; Malički, Mario (2021) Attitudes and practices of open data, preprinting, and peer-review—A cross sectional study on Croatian scientists. PLoS One, 16 (6). ISSN 1932-6203

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Attitudes towards open peer review, open data and use of preprints influence scientists’ engagement with those practices. Yet there is a lack of validated questionnaires that measure these attitudes. The goal of our study was to construct and validate such a questionnaire and use it to assess attitudes of Croatian scientists. We first developed a 21-item questionnaire called Attitudes towards Open data sharing, preprinting, and peer-review (ATOPP), which had a reliable four-factor structure, and measured attitudes towards open data, preprint servers, open peer-review and open peer-review in small scientific communities. We then used the ATOPP to explore attitudes of Croatian scientists (n = 541) towards these topics, and to assess the association of their attitudes with their open science practices and demographic information. Overall, Croatian scientists’ attitudes towards these topics were generally neutral, with a median (Md) score of 3.3 out of max 5 on the scale score. We also found no gender (P = 0.995) or field differences (P = 0.523) in their attitudes. However, attitudes of scientist who previously engaged in open peer- review or preprinting were higher than of scientists that did not (Md 3.5 vs. 3.3, P<0.001, and Md 3.6 vs 3.3, P<0.001, respectively). Further research is needed to determine optimal ways of increasing scientists’ attitudes and their open science practices.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Open science ; Peer review ; Open data ; Open peer review ; Scientists ; Psychometrics ; Psychological attitudes ; Medicine and health sciences
Subjects: SOCIAL SCIENCES > Information and Communication Sciences
Divisions: Centre for scientific information
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Poznavanje, stavovi i korištenje alata otvorene znanosti u biomediciniBaždarić, Ksenijauniri-biomed-18-99NadSve
Depositing User: Jadranka Stojanovski
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 10:51
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244529

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