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Efficacy of Caffeic Acid on Diabetes and Its Complications in the Mouse

Oršolić, Nada; Sirovina, Damir; Odeh, Dyana; Gajski, Goran; Balta, Vedran; Šver, Lidija; Jazvinšćak Jembrek, Maja (2021) Efficacy of Caffeic Acid on Diabetes and Its Complications in the Mouse. Molecules, 26 (11). ISSN 1420-3049

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Diabetic dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia contribute to excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, leading to deleterious complications, such as nephropathy, atherosclerosis and cardiac dysfunction, and target major organs in the body. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of caffeic acid (CA) on mouse weight and survival, serum level of fasting blood glucose (FBG), serum lipid parameters and atherogenic indices, oxidative damage in blood, liver and kidney tissue, pathophysiological changes and their function markers in healthy and alloxan-induced type 1 diabetic mice. Diabetes was induced in mice with a single intravenous injection of alloxan (75 mg/kg). Two days later, CA (50 mg/kg) was given intraperitoneally for seven days in diabetic mice. Diabetes affected glucose level, lipid profile, hematological and biochemical parameters, induced DNA damage and apoptotic/necrotic death in whole blood cells, liver and kidney, leading to weight loss and a decreased lifespan. CA treatment of diabetic mice revealed a protective effect on the liver and kidney, hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties and high protection against atherogenic outcomes. The obtained results suggest that CA is a safe and potent agent against diabetes that acts as an effective antioxidant in reducing serum glucose, lipid profile and atherogenic indices, leading to increased lifespan in mice.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: alloxan ; diabetes ; mice ; caffeic acid ; blood ; liver and kidney damage ; atherogenic indices
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Maja Jazvinšćak Jembrek
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2021 08:02
DOI: 10.3390/molecules26113262

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