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Intestine of invasive fish Prussian carp as a target organ in metal exposure assessment of the wastewater impacted freshwater ecosystem

Mijošek, Tatjana; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka; Dragun, Zrinka; Ivanković, Dušica; Krasnići, Nesrete; Redžović, Zuzana; Erk, Marijana (2021) Intestine of invasive fish Prussian carp as a target organ in metal exposure assessment of the wastewater impacted freshwater ecosystem. Ecological indicators, 122 . ISSN 1470-160X

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Abstract

The application of invasive fish Prussian carp (Carassius gibelio Bloch, 1782) as bioindicator organism, using intestine as bioindicator tissue of anthropogenic influence in the lowland Ilova River was estimated. Intestinal tissue enables the investigation of dietborne metal uptake, so the first record on intestinal metal levels in Prussian carp was presented, as total and cytosolic fraction, which indicates the proportions of potentially toxic and bioavailable metals. Pollution impact was also estimated by analyses of biomarkers of oxidative stress (malondialdehyde), antioxidative capacity (catalase and glutathione) and of metal exposure (metallothioneins). All analyzed parameters were compared in the intestine of fish from the reference site and contaminated site impacted by technological and municipal wastewaters in two seasons. Both total and cytosolic As, Ca, Cd, Cs, Cu, Mg, Na and Rb levels were significantly higher at contaminated than the reference site in at least one season, whereas Mn and V had higher concentrations at the reference site. Despite differences in concentrations, average proportions of total metal levels in cytosolic fraction were comparable at two sites, i.e. over 70% for Na, K, Rb, Se, Cd, Cs, As and Mo, indicating their high possibility of binding to important biomolecules. In addition, higher levels of malondialdehyde in both seasons and enhanced catalase activity in spring, indicated disturbed environmental conditions near the contaminated site and need of continuous monitoring of this region. Finally, our research represents successful application of widely distributed invasive species in ecotoxicological studies, whereas intestine was shown as a suitable bioindicator tissue, clearly reflecting dietary metal uptake.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: metal contamination ; wastewaters ; biomarkers ; oxidative stress ; subcellular metal distribution ; monitoring
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Akumulacija, unutarstanično mapiranje i učinci metala u tragovima u akvatičkih organizamaErk, MarijanaIP-2014-09-4255HRZZ
Depositing User: Vlatka Filipović Marijić
Date Deposited: 09 Mar 2021 12:37
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2021 13:39
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/6343
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.107247

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