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Asymptotics of Toeplitz Determinants and the Emptiness Formation Probability for the XY Spin Chain

Franchini, Fabio; Abanov, Alexander G. (2005) Asymptotics of Toeplitz Determinants and the Emptiness Formation Probability for the XY Spin Chain. Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and General, 38 (23). ISSN 0305-4470

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We study an asymptotic behavior of a special correlator known as the Emptiness Formation Probability (EFP) for the one-dimensional anisotropic XY spin-1/2 chain in a transverse magnetic field. This correlator is essentially the probability of formation of a ferromagnetic string of length $n$ in the antiferromagnetic ground state of the chain and plays an important role in the theory of integrable models. For the XY Spin Chain, the correlator can be expressed as the determinant of a Toeplitz matrix and its asymptotical behaviors for $n \to \infty$ throughout the phase diagram are obtained using known theorems and conjectures on Toeplitz determinants. We find that the decay is exponential everywhere in the phase diagram of the XY model except on the critical lines, i.e. where the spectrum is gapless. In these cases, a power-law prefactor with a universal exponent arises in addition to an exponential or Gaussian decay. The latter Gaussian behavior holds on the critical line corresponding to the isotropic XY model, while at the critical value of the magnetic field the EFP decays exponentially. At small anisotropy one has a crossover from the Gaussian to the exponential behavior. We study this crossover using the bosonization approach.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Imported from arXiv
Uncontrolled Keywords: Emptiness Formation Probability
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Theoretical Physics Division
Depositing User: Fabio Franchini
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2021 13:48
DOI: 10.1088/0305-4470/38/23/002

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