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One-Pot Synthesis of Sulfur-Doped TiO2/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composite (S-TiO2/rGO) with Improved Photocatalytic Activity for the Removal of Diclofenac from Water

Kovačić, Marin; Perović, Klara; Papac, Josipa; Tomić, Antonija; Matoh, Lev; Žener, Boštjan; Brodar, Tomislav; Capan, Ivana; Surca, Angelja K.; Kušić, Hrvoje; Štangar, Urška Lavrenčič; Lončarić Božić, Ana (2020) One-Pot Synthesis of Sulfur-Doped TiO2/Reduced Graphene Oxide Composite (S-TiO2/rGO) with Improved Photocatalytic Activity for the Removal of Diclofenac from Water. Materials, 13 (7). ISSN 1996-1944

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Abstract

Sulfur-doped TiO2 (S-TiO2) composites with reduced graphene oxide (rGO), wt. % of rGO equal to 0.5%, 2.75%, and 5.0%, were prepared by a one-pot solvothermal procedure. The aim was to improve photocatalytic performance in comparison to TiO2 under simulated solar irradiation for the treatment of diclofenac (DCF) in aqueous medium. The obtained composites were characterized for physical- chemical properties using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffractograms (XRD), Raman, scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), Brauner Emmett Teller (BET), and photoluminescence (PL) analyses, indicating successful sulfur doping and inclusion of rGO. Sulfur doping and rGO have successfully led to a decrease in photogenerated charge recombination. However, both antagonistic and synergistic effects toward DCF treatment were observed, with the latter being brought forward by higher wt.% rGO. The composite with 5.0 wt.% rGO has shown the highest DCF conversion at pH 4 compared to that obtained by pristine TiO2, despite lower DCF adsorption during the initial dark period. The expected positive effects of both sulfur doping and rGO on charge recombination were found to be limited because of the subpar interphase contact with the composite and incomplete reduction of the GO precursor. Consequent unfavorable interactions between rGO and DCF negatively influenced the activity of the studied S-TiO2/rGO photocatalyst under simulated solar irradiation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: solar-photocatalysis ; sulfur-doped-TiO2 ; TiO2-reduced-graphene-oxide-composite ; diclofenac
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Physical Chemistry
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Nano-katalizatori aktivirani Sunčevim zračenjem u tehnologijama zaštite okolišaKušić, HrvojeIP-2018-01-1982HRZZ
Depositing User: Ivana Capan
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2020 10:58
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2020 10:58
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/6132
DOI: 10.3390/ma13071621

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