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Combination of sirtuin 3 and hyperoxia diminishes tumorigenic properties of MDA-MB-231 cells

Podgorski, Iva I.; Pinterić, Marija; Marčinko, Dora; Popović Hadžija, Marijana; Filić, Vedrana; Ciganek, Ivan; Pleše, Denis; Balog, Tihomir; Sobočanec, Sandra (2020) Combination of sirtuin 3 and hyperoxia diminishes tumorigenic properties of MDA-MB-231 cells. Life Sciences, 254 . ISSN 0024-3205

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Aims Since the role of the major mitochondrial NAD+-dependent deacetylase, sirtuin 3 (Sirt3), is differential in cancer, opposite to the well-known tumor-suppressing effect of hyperoxia, this study aimed to investigate the role of Sirt3 in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cell line MDA-MB-231 upon hyperoxic (95% O2) conditions. Main methods MDA-MB-231 cells were stably transfected with Flag-tagged Sirt-3 or empty plasmid. Western blot and real-time PCR were used to monitor the expression of proteins or genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis, metabolic regulation and antioxidant defense. Immunocytochemistry and confocal microscopy were used to confirm the cellular localization and abundance of proteins. Flow cytometry was used to analyze mitochondrial mass, potential and ROS production, and MTT test as a measure of metabolic activity. Mitotic index analysis, colony-forming unit assay, DNA damage and Annexin V-FITC analyses were used to assess the differences in the growth and apoptosis rate. Key findings Although Sirt3 seemed to improve mitochondrial properties by increasing mitochondrial mass and potential, metabolic activity (Warburg effect) and antioxidative defense (SOD2, Cat), it also increased mitochondrial ROS, induced DNA damage, timp-1 expression, formation of multinucleated cells and apoptosis, and finally markedly reduced the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells. All these effects were even more evident upon the hyperoxic treatment, thus pointing towards combined negative effect of Sirt3 and hyperoxia on MDA-MB-231 cells. Significance Both Sirt3 and hyperoxia, alone or in combination, have the potential to negatively affect the malignant properties of the MDA-MB-231 cells and should be further explored as a possible therapy for TNBC.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sirtuin 3; MDA-MB-231; Breast cancer; Oxidative stress; Hyperoxia
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Division of Molecular Medicine
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Sirtuin3 kao posrednik mitohondrijske funkcije u estrogen-ovisnoj otpornosti na oksidativni stres i prehranu s visokim udjelom masti-SuMERATihomir BalogIP-2014-09-4533HRZZ
Depositing User: Iva Škrinjar
Date Deposited: 25 May 2020 11:46
DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2020.117812

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