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The Appearance of 4-Hydroxy-2-Nonenal (HNE) in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx

Jakovčević, Antonia; Žarković, Kamelija; Jakovčević, Danica; Rakušić, Zoran; Prgomet, Drago; Waeg, Georg; Borović Šunjić, Suzana; Žarković, Neven (2020) The Appearance of 4-Hydroxy-2-Nonenal (HNE) in Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oropharynx. Molecules, 25 (4). ISSN 1420-3049

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Tumor growth is associated with oxidative stress, which causes lipid peroxidation. The most intensively studied product of lipid peroxidation is 4- hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), which is considered as a “second messenger of free radicals” that binds to proteins and acts as a growth-regulating signaling factor. The incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx is associated with smoking, alcohol and infection of human papilloma virus (HPV), with increasing incidence world-wide. The aim of this retrospective study involving 102 patients was to determine the immunohistochemical appearance of HNE-protein adducts as a potential biomarker of lipid peroxidation in squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx. The HNE-protein adducts were detected in almost all tumor samples and in the surrounding non-tumorous tissue, while we found that HNE is differentially distributed in squamous cell carcinomas in dependence of clinical stage and histological grading of these tumors. Namely, the level of HNE-immunopositivity was increased in comparison to the normal oropharyngeal epithelium in well- and in moderately- differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, while it was decreasing in poorly differentiated carcinomas and in advanced stages of cancer. However, more malignant and advanced cancer was associated with the increase of HNE in surrounding, normal tissue. This study confirmed the onset of lipid peroxidation, generating HNE-protein adducts that can be used as a valuable bioactive marker of carcinogenesis in squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx, as well as indicating involvement of HNE in pathophysiological changes of the non-malignant tissue in the vicinity of cancer.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 4-Hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) ; immunohistochemistry ; lipid peroxidation ; oxidative stress ; protein modifications ; monoclonal antibodies ; squamous cell carcinoma ; oropharynx
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Tea Vuković
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 06:27
DOI: 10.3390/molecules25040868

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