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Amaranth oil reduces accumulation of 4- hydroxynonenal-histidine adducts in gastric mucosa and improves heart rate variability in duodenal peptic ulcer patients undergoing Helicobacter pylori eradication

Cherkas, Andriy; Žarković, Kamelija; Cipak Gasparovic, Ana; Jaganjac, Morana; Milković, Lidija; Abrahamovych, Orest; Yatskevych, Ostap; Waeg, Georg; Yelisyeyeva, Olha; Žarković, Neven (2018) Amaranth oil reduces accumulation of 4- hydroxynonenal-histidine adducts in gastric mucosa and improves heart rate variability in duodenal peptic ulcer patients undergoing Helicobacter pylori eradication. Free Radical Research, 52 (2). pp. 135-149. ISSN 1071-5762

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Abstract

Helicobacter pylori-induced oxidative stress in gastric mucosa (GM) is a milieu for the development of chronic gastritis, duodenal peptic ulcer (DPU), gastric cancer, and a number of extragastric diseases. Because our previous study revealed the accumulation of the protein adducts of lipid peroxidation product 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE) in GM, which persists after eradication of H. pylori, the aim of the study was to test whether Amaranth oil supplementation in addition to standard anti-Helicobacter treatment could prevent such accumulation of HNE in GM in H. pylori-positive DPU patients. Seventy-five patients were randomly split into two groups: group 1 standard treatment (n = 39) and group 2 standard treatment with additional supplementation of 1 ml of concentrated oil from amaranth seeds (Amaranthus cruenthus L., n = 36). Clinical analysis, including endoscopy with biopsies from antrum and corpus of the stomach were performed before and after the treatment, as was heart rate variability (HRV) recorded, as parameter of systemic, extragastric pathophysiological alterations in DPU patients. Improvement of clinical, endoscopic and histologic manifestations, and successful ulcer healing were observed in both the groups. Moreover, supplementation of amaranth oil in addition to standard anti-H. pylori treatment significantly reduced accumulation of HNE-histidine adducts in GM and increased HRV in DPU patients (p < .05). Therefore, standard treatments of DPU require additional therapeutic approaches, in accordance with integrative medicine principles, aiming to reduce persistence of oxidative stress, as was successfully done in our study by the use of amaranth oil.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung; European Cooperation in Science and Technology.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peptic ulcer ; oxidative stress ; Helicobacter pylori ; amaranth oil ; 4-hydroxynonenal ; heart rate variability
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Tea Vuković
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 08:41
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 08:41
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/5679
DOI: 10.1080/10715762.2017.1418981

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