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Roles and Functions of ROS and RNS in Cellular Physiology and Pathology

Žarković, Neven (2020) Roles and Functions of ROS and RNS in Cellular Physiology and Pathology. Cells, 9 (3). ISSN 2073-4409

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Our common knowledge on oxidative stress has evolved substantially over the years, being focused mostly on the fundamental chemical reactions and the most relevant chemical species involved in human pathophysiology of oxidative stress-associated diseases. Thus, reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species (ROS and RNS) were identified as key players in initiating, mediating, and regulating the cellular and biochemical complexity of oxidative stress either as physiological (acting pro-hormetic) or as pathogenic (causing destructive vicious circles) processes. The papers published in this particular Special Issue of Cells show an impressive range on the pathophysiological relevance of ROS and RNS, including the relevance of second messengers of free radicals like 4-hydroxynonenal, allowing us to assume that the future will reveal even more detailed mechanisms of their positive and negative effects that might improve the monitoring of major modern diseases, and aid the development of advanced integrative biomedical treatments.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: free radicals ; redox balance ; cell signaling ; growth ; toxicity ; antioxidants ; oxidative homeostasis ; oxidative metabolism of the cells ; pathophysiology of oxidative stress
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Basic Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Depositing User: Tea Vuković
Date Deposited: 04 May 2020 08:35
DOI: 10.3390/cells9030767

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