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Plasmonic Refractive Index Sensing Based on Interference in Disordered Composite Films

Okorn, Boris; Janicki, Vesna; Bončina, Tonica; Zupanič, Franc; Sancho-Parramon, Jordi (2019) Plasmonic Refractive Index Sensing Based on Interference in Disordered Composite Films. physica status solidi (RRL) - Rapid Research Letters, 13 (10). ISSN 1862-6254

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Abstract

The strong dispersion in the effective optical constants of plasmonic nanocomposite films is used to generate interference effects that are highly sensitive to changes in the dielectric environment of particles. Numerical simulations show that reflectance measurements on metal nanoparticle systems close to a metallic substrate have larger sensitivities to changes in the surrounding refractive index than the standard transmittance measurements of the same system when placed on a transparent substrate. The scheme is particularly advantageous in case of disordered nanoparticle systems, where the difference between reflectance and transmittance‐based sensing approaches is enhanced due to local‐field fluctuations that modify the effective optical constants dispersion. Exceptional to most plasmonic applications, in the present case, a disordered system provides larger sensitivity and figure of merit than its ordered counterpart. The key concepts suggested from numerical calculations are verified by the fabrication of metal island films coated with different dielectric layers, that confirm the superiority of the reflectance‐based sensing scheme. Overall, the present approach profits from the disorder to improve refractive index sensitivity in metal nanoparticle systems that are produced with industrially appealing techniques. Thus, the proposed scheme may be valuable for the broad implementation of low‐cost and highly efficient plasmonic sensors.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This work was supported by the Ministry of Environment and Energy, the Ministry of Science and Education, the Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency Fund, and the Croatian Science Foundation under the project "Plasmonic Alternative Materials for Solar Energy Conversion" (PKP-2016-06-4469) with the total amount of 1074000 HRK.
Uncontrolled Keywords: interference ; metal nanoparticles ; nanocomposites ; plasmonic sensors ; thin films
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Materials Physics
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Plazmonički alternativni materijali za konverziju solarne energije-PAMSECJordi Sancho-ParramonPKP-2016-06-4469HRZZ
Depositing User: Jordi Sancho Parramon
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2020 07:06
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2020 07:06
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/5616
DOI: 10.1002/pssr.201900284

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