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Effect of composition and surface characteristics on fuel retention in beryllium- containing co-deposited layers

Hakola, Antti; Heinola, Kalle; Mizohata, Kenichiro; Likonen, Jari; Lungu, Cristian; Porosnicu, Corneliu; Alves, Eduardo; Mateus, Rodrigo; Bogdanović Radović, Ivančica; Siketić, Zdravko; Nemanić, Vincenc; Kumar, Mohit; Pardanaud, Cédric; Roubin, Pascale (2019) Effect of composition and surface characteristics on fuel retention in beryllium- containing co-deposited layers. Physica Scripta, T171 . 014038-014046. ISSN 0031-8949

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We have investigated retention of deuterium in beryllium- containing, laboratory-made films whose properties resemble co- deposits observed on JET-ILW or predicted for ITER. The samples were prepared using High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering and Thermo-Vacuum Arc Deposition. We have observed that retention depends on the flux of D atoms on the growing film, but even more prominently on its composition, structure, and morphology. Especially, inclusion of carbon by 10-15 at.% in the layers can increase retention by a factor of 2-10. This we attribute to increasing number of defects as well as aromatic and aliphatic C-D bonds in the samples. Other impurities do not significantly alter the D inventory while more D is retained in samples with rough or highly modified surfaces. Our results show that reproducing the reported D concentrations of ~5 at.% in JET-ILW- like deposits requires keeping the sample temperature at 100- 200°C during the production phase and optimizing the uniformity of deposition fluxes. Data from Be-D samples further indicate that fuel retention in more ITER-relevant co-deposits would be around 1-2 at.%.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: beryllium ; fuel retention ; co-deposition
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Physics
Divisions: Division of Experimental Physics
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Implementation of activities described in the Roadmap to Fusion during Horizon 2020 through a Joint programme of the members of the EUROfusion consortium-EUROfusionUNSPECIFIED633053EK
Depositing User: Ivančica Bogdanović Radović
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2020 08:13
DOI: 10.1088/1402-4896/ab4be8

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