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Mining waste as a cause of increased bioaccumulation of highly toxic metals in liver and gills of Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis Karaman, 1928)

Dragun, Zrinka; Tepić, Nataša; Ramani, Sheriban; Krasnići, Nesrete; Filipović Marijić, Vlatka; Valić, Damir; Kapetanović, Damir; Erk, Marijana; Rebok, Katerina; Kostov, Vasil; Jordanova, Maja (2019) Mining waste as a cause of increased bioaccumulation of highly toxic metals in liver and gills of Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis Karaman, 1928). Environmental Pollution, 247 . pp. 564-576. ISSN 0269-7491

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Abstract

Freshwater contamination with mining waste can result with high concentrations of toxic metals in the water and in fish organs. In North- Eastern Macedonia, several rivers (e.g., Zletovska, Kriva) are exposed to acid mine drainage from active Pb/Zn mines. Previous studies confirmed high concentrations of dissolved metals in their water. This study was performed in liver and gills of Vardar chub (Squalius vardarensis Karaman, 1928) from three Macedonian rivers (Bregalnica, Kriva and Zletovska) in spring and autumn 2012. The aim was to establish if increased exposure to certain metals have resulted with their increased bioaccumulation. The concentrations of 19 elements were measured in cytosolic tissue fractions, to obtain information on metabolically available metal species. The following ranges of cytosolic concentrations of highly toxic elements were measured in the Vardar chub liver (in µg/L): Cd, 1.18-184 ; Cs, 0.25-25.4 ; Tl, 0.02-5.80 ; Pb, 0.70- 61.1. Their ranges measured in the gills (in µg/L) were the following: Cd, 0.24-59.2 ; Cs, 0.39- 24.4 ; Tl, 0.01-1.00 ; Pb, 0.65-87.2. Although the water of the mining impacted Zletovska River was highly contaminated with several essential metals, especially with Mn and Zn, the majority of essential elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, and Zn) did not reflect the exposure level. In contrast, seven nonessential elements reflected the level of exposure in the water. Significantly increased hepatic and gill concentrations of Cs, Rb, Sr, and Tl were detected in Vardar chub from the Zletovska River compared to the other two rivers, of Cd and Pb in the Zletovska and Kriva River compared to Bregalnica, and of V in the Bregalnica River compared to Zletovska and Kriva rivers. Observed significant metal bioaccumulation, in particular of highly toxic elements, as a consequence of exposure to water contaminated with mining waste points to necessity of intensified supervision of mining impacted rivers.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This study was carried out as a part of two bilateral projects between Macedonia and Croatia, titled "The assessment of the availability and effects of metals on fish in the rivers under the impact of mining activities" and "Bacterial and parasitical communities of chub as indicators of the status of environment exposed to mining activities". The financial support of the Ministry of Science and Education of the Republic of Croatia for institutional funding of Laboratory for Biological Effects of Metals is acknowledged.
Uncontrolled Keywords: acid mine drainage ; agricultural runoff ; essential metals ; fish ; nonessential metals ; river
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Croatian-Macedonian bilateral project “The assessment of the availability and effects of metals on fish in the rivers under the impact of mining activities”Zrinka DragunUNSPECIFIEDBilateral
Croatian-Macedonian bilateral project “Bacterial and parasitical communities of chub as indicators of the status of environment exposed to mining activities”Damir KapetanovićUNSPECIFIEDBilateral
Stanične promjene u vodnih organizama pobuđene metalima-Marijana Erk098-0982934-2721MZOS
Patologija organizama iz voda u odnosu na zagađivala i akvakulturu-Damir Kapetanović098-0982934-2752MZOS
Depositing User: Zrinka Dragun
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2019 13:53
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2019 13:53
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/5245
DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2019.01.068

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