hrvatski jezikClear Cookie - decide language by browser settings

Broad spectrum screening of 463 organic contaminants in rivers in Macedonia

Stipaničev, Draženka; Dragun, Zrinka; Repec, Siniša; Rebok, Katerina; Jordanova, Maja (2017) Broad spectrum screening of 463 organic contaminants in rivers in Macedonia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 135 . pp. 48-59. ISSN 0147-6513

| Request a personal copy from author
PDF - Accepted Version - article
Download (1MB) | Preview


Target screening of 463 organic contaminants in surface water using ultra high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS) with direct injection was performed in spring of 2015 in northern Macedonia, at six sampling sites in four rivers belonging to Vardar basin: Kriva, Zletovska, Bregalnica and Vardar. The aim of the study was to differentiate between various types of organic contamination characteristic for different types of anthropogenic activities, such as mining, agriculture, and urbanization. Depending on the studied river, 9-16% of analyzed compounds were detected. The highest total levels of organic contaminants were recorded in agriculturally impacted Bregalnica River (1839-1962 ng L-1) and Vardar River downstream from the city of Skopje (1945 ng L-1), whereas the lowest level was found in the mining impacted Zletovska River (989 ng L- 1). The principal organic contaminants of the Bregalnica River were herbicides (45-55% of all detected compounds ; 838-1094 ng L-1), with the highest concentrations of bentazone (407-530 ng L- 1) and molinate (84-549 ng L-1), common herbicides in rice cultivation. The main organic contaminants in the other rivers were drugs (70-80% of all detected compounds), with antibiotics as a predominant drug class. The highest drug concentrations were measured in the Vardar River, downstream from Skopje (1544 ng L-1). Screening of surface water by UHPLC-QTOF-MS was proven as a practical tool for fast collection of comprehensive preliminary information on organic contamination of natural waters, which can present a significant contribution in the monitoring and preservation of good ecological status of freshwater ecosystems.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors would like to thank Croatian Waters and Central Water Management Laboratory for supporting this investigation. Furthermore, the authors are especially thankful to Dr. Marijana Erk for supporting this research and for the help provided during the sample manipulation. The financial support of the Ministry of Science, Education and Sport of the Republic of Croatia for institutional funding of Laboratory for Biological Effects of Metals is acknowledged.
Uncontrolled Keywords: drugs; freshwater; pesticides; organic contamination; screening
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry > Analytic Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Environmental Science
Divisions: Division for Marine and Enviromental Research
Depositing User: Zrinka Dragun
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2019 13:28
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.09.004

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year

Increase Font
Decrease Font
Dyslexic Font