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White cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. alba) : botanical, phytochemical and pharmacological overview

Šamec, Dunja; Pavlović, Iva; Salopek-Sondi, Branka (2017) White cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata f. alba) : botanical, phytochemical and pharmacological overview. Phytochemistry Reviews, 16 (1). pp. 117-135. ISSN 1568-7767

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White cabbage (Brassica oleraceae var. capitata f. alba) is a cruciferous vegetable used worldwide as a food and in traditional medicine. Due to its common availability in local markets, affordability, and consumer preference, it represents a significant source of phytonutrients in the human diet. This review provides an overview of white cabbage origin, taxonomy, geographical distribution, botanical characteristics, and contemporary and traditional uses, as well as its phytochemicals and pharmacology. Special emphasis is placed on a health-promoting phytochemicals such as glucosinolates, polyphenols, and vitamins, as well as anticancerogenic, antioxidant, anti- inflamantory and cardioprotective effects. The majority of so far published research on white cabbage was focused on qualitative determination of phytochemicals (targeted analysis), while only few recent papers published data based on untargeted metabolomic profiling. Hence, this review discusses and emphasizes a further need of studying the white cabbage phytochemicals using modern metabolomics platforms which will enable scientists to pinpoint the exact bioactive metabolites which are responsible for certain bioactivity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The authors are thankful to Mrs. Mara Bogovic from Agricultural Advisory Service of Varazdin County, Croatia, for providing us with the white cabbage photos used in the review. This work has been supported by Croatian Science Foundation under the project no. IP-2014-09-4359.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anticancer-, anti-inflammatory-, antiobesity-, and antioxidant activities ; Carotenoids ; Contemporary and traditional use ; Gastrointestinal activity ; Glucosinolates ; Geographical distribution ; Hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic activities ; Polyphenols ; Taxonomy ; Vitamins
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Botany
Divisions: Division of Molecular Biology
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Fithormoni u abiotskom stresu kupusnjača: mehanizam tolerancije i primjena -PhytoBraCroBranka Salopek SondiIP-2014-09-4359HRZZ
Depositing User: Branka Salopek Sondi
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2019 13:05
DOI: 10.1007/s11101-016-9454-4

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