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Computational Insight into the Mechanism of the Irreversible Inhibition of Monoamine Oxidase Enzymes by the Antiparkinsonian Propargylamine Inhibitors Rasagiline and Selegiline

Tandarić, Tana; Vianello, Robert (2019) Computational Insight into the Mechanism of the Irreversible Inhibition of Monoamine Oxidase Enzymes by the Antiparkinsonian Propargylamine Inhibitors Rasagiline and Selegiline. ACS Chemical Neuroscience, 10 (8). pp. 3532-3542. ISSN 1948-7193

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Abstract

Monoamine oxidases (MAOs) are flavin adenine dinucleotide containing flavoenzymes that catalyze the degradation of a range of brain neurotransmitters, whose imbalance is extensively linked with the pathology of various neurological disorders. This is why MAOs have been the central pharmacological targets in treating neurodegeneration for more than 60 years. Still, despite this practical importance, the precise chemical mechanisms underlying the irreversible inhibition of the MAO B isoform with clinical drugs rasagiline (RAS) and selegiline (SEL) remained unknown. Here we employed a combination of MD simulations, MM-GBSA binding free energy evaluations, and QM cluster calculations to show the MAO inactivation proceeds in three steps, where, in the rate-limiting first step, FAD utilizes its N5 atom to abstracts a hydride anion from the inhibitor α-CH2 group to ultimately give the final inhibitor-FAD adduct matching crystallographic data. The obtained free energy profiles reveal a lower activation energy for SEL by 1.2 kcal mol–1 and a higher reaction exergonicity by 0.8 kcal mol–1, with the former being in excellent agreement with experimental ΔΔG‡EXP = 1.7 kcal mol–1, thus rationalizing its higher in vivo reactivity over RAS. The calculated ΔGBIND energies confirm SEL binds better due to its bigger size and flexibility allowing it to optimize hydrophobic C–H···π and π···π interactions with residues throughout both of enzyme’s cavities, particularly with FAD, Gln206 and four active site tyrosines, thus overcoming a larger ability of RAS to form hydrogen bonds that only position it in less reactive orientations for the hydride abstraction. Offered results elucidate structural determinants affecting the affinity and rates of the inhibition reaction that should be considered to cooperate when designing more effective compounds devoid of untoward effects, which are of utmost significance and urgency with the growing prevalence of brain diseases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Irreversible inhibition ; monoamine oxidase ; hydride transfer ; antiparkinsonian drugs ; neurodegeneration ; flavoenzymes
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
Divisions: Division of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Dizajn i sinteza novih dušikovih heterocikličkih fluorofora i fluorescentnih nanomaterijala kao kemijskih senzora za pH i metalne ione-iNFiNiTE–SENSRobert VianelloIP-2014-09-3386HRZZ
Depositing User: Robert Vianello
Date Deposited: 07 Dec 2020 09:08
Last Modified: 07 Dec 2020 09:08
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/4995
DOI: 10.1021/acschemneuro.9b00147

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