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Status of faecal pollution in ports: A basin-wide investigation in the Adriatic Sea

Luna, Gian Marco; Manini, Elena; Turk, Valentina; Tinta, Tinkara; D'Errico, Giuseppe; Baldrighi, Elisa; Baljak, Vanja; Buda, Donatella; Cabrini, Marina; Campanelli, Alessandra; Cenov, Arijana; Del Negro, Paola; Drakulović, Dragana; Fabbro, Cinzia; Glad, Marin; Grilec, Dolores; Grilli, Federica; Jokanović, Sandra; Jozić, Slaven; Kauzlarić, Vesna; Kraus, Romina; Marini, Mauro; Mikuš, Josip; Milandri, Stefania; Pećarević, Marijana; Perini, Laura; Quero, Grazia Marina; Šolić, Mladen; Vukić Lušić, Darija; Zoffoli, Silvia (2019) Status of faecal pollution in ports: A basin-wide investigation in the Adriatic Sea. Marine pollution bulletin, 147 . pp. 219-228. ISSN 0025-326X

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Ports are subject to a variety of anthropogenic impacts, and there is mounting evidence of faecal contamination through several routes. Yet, little is known about pollution in ports by faecal indicator bacteria (FIB). FIB spatio-temporal dynamics were assessed in 12 ports of the Adriatic Sea, a semi-enclosed basin under strong anthropogenic pressure, and their relationships with environmental variables were explored to gain insight into pollution sources. FIB were abundant in ports, often more so than in adjacent areas ; their abundance patterns were related to salinity, oxygen, and nutrient levels. In addition, a molecular method, quantitative (q)PCR, was used to quantify FIB. qPCR enabled faster FIB determination and water quality monitoring that culture-based methods. These data provide robust baseline evidence of faecal contamination in ports and can be used to improve the management of routine port activities (dredging and ballast water exchange), having potential to spread pathogens in the sea.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Faecal bacteria ; Ports ; qPCR ; Adriatic Sea
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Geology
NATURAL SCIENCES > Interdisciplinary Natural Sciences > Marine Science
Divisions: Center for Marine Research
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Sustav upravljanja balastnim vodama za zaštitu Jadranskog mora-BALMASRomina Kraus1° STR/0005IPA
Depositing User: Romina Kraus
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2019 11:07
DOI: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.03.050

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