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Toxicity evaluation of olive oil mill wastewater and its polar fraction using multiple whole- organism bioassays

Babić, Sanja; Malev, Olga; Pflieger, Maryline; Lebedev, Albert T.; Mazur, Dmitry M.; Kužić, Anita; Čož-Rakovac, Rozelindra; Trebše, Polonca (2019) Toxicity evaluation of olive oil mill wastewater and its polar fraction using multiple whole- organism bioassays. Science of the Total Environment, 686 . pp. 903-914. ISSN 0048-9697

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Olive mill wastewater (OMW) as a by-product of olive oil extraction process has significant polluting properties mainly related to high organic load, increased COD/BOD ratio, high phenolic content and relatively acidic pH. Raw OMW from Slovenian Istria olive oil mill and its polar fraction were investigated in this study. Chemical characterization of OMW polar fraction identified tyrosol as the most abundant phenolic product, followed by catechol. Lethal and sub- lethal effects of OMW matrix and its polar fraction were tested using a battery of bioassays with model organisms: bacteria Vibrio fischeri, algae Chlorella vulgaris, water fleas Daphnia magna, zebrafish Danio rerio embryos, clover Trifolium repens and wheat Triticum aestivum. Raw OMW sample was the most toxic to V. fischeri (EC50 = 0.24% of OMW sample final concentration), followed by D. magna (EC50 = 1.43%), C. vulgaris (EC50 = 5.20%), D. rerio (EC50 = 7.05%), seeds T. repens (EC50 = 8.68%) and T. aestivum (EC50 = 11.58%). Similar toxicity trend was observed during exposure to OMW polar fraction, showing EC50 values 2.75– 4.11 times lower comparing to raw OMW. Tested samples induced also sub-acute effects to clover and wheat (decreased roots, sprouts elongation) ; and to zebrafish embryos (increased mortality, higher abnormality rate, decreased hatching andpigmentation formation rate). A comprehensive approach using a battery of bioassays, like those used in this study should be applied during ecotoxicity monitoring of untreated and treated OMW.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Olive oil mill wastewater ; Biomarkers ; Ecotoxicity ; Phenolic compounds
Subjects: NATURAL SCIENCES > Chemistry
NATURAL SCIENCES > Biology > Ecology
Divisions: Division of Materials Chemistry
Depositing User: Sanja Babić
Date Deposited: 01 Jul 2019 13:12
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.06.046

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