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Genetic Variants of theBrain-Derived Neurotrophic Factorand Metabolic Indices in Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Tudor, Lucija; Konjevod, Marcela; Nikolac Perković, Matea; Švob Štrac, Dubravka; Nedić Erjavec, Gordana; Uzun, Suzana; Kozumplik, Oliver; Šagud, Marina; Kovačić Petrović, Zrnka; Pivac, Nela (2018) Genetic Variants of theBrain-Derived Neurotrophic Factorand Metabolic Indices in Veterans With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Frontiers in psychiatry, 9 . ISSN 1664-0640

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Abstract

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a trauma and stressor related disorder that may develop after exposure to an event that involved the actual or possible threat of death, violence or serious injury. Its molecular underpinning is still not clear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) modulates neuronal processes such as the response to stress, but also weight control, energy and glucose homeostasis. Plasma BDNF levels and a functional BDNF Val66Met (rs6265) polymorphism were reported to be associated with PTSD, as well as with increased body mass index (BMI) and dyslipidaemia in healthy subjects and patients with cardio-metabolic diseases, but these results are controversial. The other frequently studied BDNF polymorphism, C270T (rs56164415), has been associated with the development of different neuropsychiatric symptoms/disorders. As far as we are aware, there are no data on the association of BDNF Val66Met and C270T polymorphisms with metabolic indices in PTSD. Due to high rates of obesity and dyslipidaemia in PTSD, the aim of this study was to elucidate the association of BDNF Val66Met and C270T polymorphisms with BMI and lipid levels in veterans with PTSD. We hypothesized that BDNF variants contribute to susceptibility to metabolic disturbances in PTSD. The study included 333 Caucasian males with combat related PTSD, diagnosed according to DSM-5 criteria. Genotyping of the BDNF Val66Met and C270T polymorphisms was performed using the real-time PCR method. Results were analyzed using hierarchical multiple linear regression and the Mann–Whitney test, with p- value corrected to 0.005. The results showed that BDNF Val66Met and BDNF C270T polymorphisms were not significantly associated with BMI, total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, HDL- cholesterol or triglycerides. Although the BDNF C270T polymorphism was nominally associated only with HDL-cholesterol in veterans with PTSD, this significance disappeared after controlling for the effect of age. Namely, slightly higher plasma HDL values in T allele carriers, compared to CC homozygotes, were associated with differences in age. Our results, controlled for the critical covariates, revealed that BDNF Val66Met and C270T were not significantly associated with metabolic indices in veterans with PTSD and that these genetic variants do not contribute to susceptibility to metabolic disturbances in PTSD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BDNF ; Val66Met ; C270T ; BM ; , plasma lipid levels ; metabolic indices ; PTSD
Subjects: BIOMEDICINE AND HEALTHCARE > Clinical Medical Sciences
Divisions: Division of Molecular Medicine
Projects:
Project titleProject leaderProject codeProject type
Genomski i glikanski biomarkeri PTSP-a-GlycoGenePTSDNela PivacIP-2014-09-4289HRZZ
Depositing User: Gordana Nedić Erjavec
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2019 15:03
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2019 15:04
URI: http://fulir.irb.hr/id/eprint/4400
DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00637

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